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ERIC Number: ED013486
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CRUCIAL ISSUES IN ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT.
BUCHANAN, PAUL C.
SEVERAL CASES OF ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT ARE EXAMINED FOR COMMON STRATEGIES APPLIED IN A SELECTED GROUP OF CASES. STUDIES SELECTED MET THE CONCEPT OF ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT AND PROVIDED SUFFICIENT INFORMATION TO INDICATE CASE OUTCOME. AFTER SELECTING THE STUDIES, THE STRATEGY AND ISSUES OF EACH WERE IDENTIFIED, AND COMPARISONS WERE MADE OF CASES CLASSED AS SUCCESSFUL AND UNSUCCESSFUL (OBJECTIVES NOT FULLY REALIZED). THIS PROCESS ALLOWED EVALUATION OF THE CRUCIAL ISSUES "WHICH MADE A DIFFERENCE" IN THE PROCESS OF ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT. WHEN COMPARING THE SUCCESSFUL AND UNSUCCESSFUL CASES, THE MOST CONSPICUOUS ISSUE WAS THAT OF LINKAGE BETWEEN THE TARGET SYSTEM AND THE LARGER (EXTERNAL) SYSTEM. IN TWO OF THREE UNSUCCESSFUL CASES, CHANGES WERE INITIATED AND PROGRESS WAS BEING MADE, ONLYTO BE HALTED BECAUSE OF MANAGEMENT ACTION ABOVE AND OUTSIDE THE TARGET SYSTEM. IN BOTH CASES, CHANGE WOULD HAVE BEEN FAVORABLY EVENTUATED IF IT HAD NOT BEEN FOR THE LINKAGE BREAKDOWN BETWEEN THE EXTERNAL MANAGEMENT AND THE CHANGE AGENT. ANOTHER IMPORTANT ISSUE DELINEATED THROUGH SUCCESSFUL AND UNSUCCESSFUL CASE COMPARISON WAS THAT OF LINKAGE WITH PERSONS, ISSUES, AND/OR PARTS WITHIN THE TARGET SYSTEM. THE CASES USED A VARIETY OF WAYS TO COPE WITH MANY SIMILAR ISSUES. OF THE 33 ISSUES, THREE ISSUES HAVE BEEN IDENTIFIED AS HAVING CENTRAL IMPORTANCE IN ORGANIZATION DEVELOPMENT--(1) INTRODUCING A NEW MODEL OF OPERATION WHICH THE ORGANIZATION MEMBERS CAN CONSIDER AS A BASIS FOR FORMULATING IMPROVEMENT, (2) SEQUENCING OBJECTIVES AND ACTION STEPS IN SUCH A WAY THAT LINKAGE IS ESTABLISHED BETWEEN THE INITIAL POINT OF CHANGE AND THE EXTERNAL SYSTEM WITH WHICH THE TARGET SYSTEM HAS IMPORTANT INTERDEPENDENCY, AND (3) SEQUENCING STEPS TO ESTABLISH LINKAGE BETWEEN THE INITIAL POINT OF CHANGE AND THE OPERATION INTERNAL TO THE TARGET SYSTEM. THIS ARTICLE APPEARS IN "CHANGE IN SCHOOL SYSTEMS," AND IS ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE NATIONAL TRAINING LABORATORIES, NATIONAL EDUCATION ASSOCIATION, 1201 SIXTEENTH STREET, N.W. WASHINGTON, D.C. 20036 FOR $2.50. (JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Training Labs. Inst. for Applied Behavioral Science, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA