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ERIC Number: ED013279
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING AND TOLERANCE FOR DELAY OF GRATIFICATION.
ZIMILES, HERBERT
TWO EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED TO STUDY THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN A CHILD'S TOLERANCE FOR DELAY OF GRATIFICATION AND HIS ABILITY TO CONSERVE NUMBER AND PICTURES. OTHER MEASURES OF COGNITION ALSO WERE USED. TOLERANCE FOR DELAY OF GRATIFICATION WAS MEASURED BY THE CHILD'S DECISION TO RECEIVE A PACK OF CANDY AND A TOY ON THE DAY OF TESTING OR TO RECEIVE TWICE THE NUMBER OF ITEMS ON THE FOLLOWING DAY. THE SUBJECTS IN THE FIRST EXPERIMENT, KINDERGARTEN AND FIRST-GRADE BOYS, WERE DIVIDED INTO THREE SUBGROUPS--WHITE MIDDLE-CLASS, DISADVANTAGED NEGRO, AND JEWISH PAROCHIAL SCHOOL BOYS. THE SUBJECTS IN THE SECOND EXPERIMENT WERE A MORE CULTURALLY HOMOGENEOUS GROUP OF FIRST-GRADE PUBLIC SCHOOL BOYS. ANALYSIS OF THE DATA SHOWED THE CORRELATION BETWEEN TOLERANCE FOR DELAY AND VARIOUS MEASURES OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING TO BE POSITIVE BUT LOW, WITH THE MOST CONSISTENT RELATIONSHIP EXISTING BETWEEN CONSERVATION OF NUMBERS AND PICTURES AMONG THE FIRST-GRADE BOYS. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN TOLERANCE FOR DELAY AND CONSERVATION WAS GREATER THAN THAT FOR OTHER FORMS OF COGNITION PERFORMANCE. THIS SUGGESTS A MORE FUNCTIONALLY RELATED BOND BETWEEN THIS RELATIONSHIP THAN COULD BE ATTRIBUTED MERELY TO MATURATION. COMPOSITE TOLERANCE FOR DELAY SCORES VARIED SHARPLY WITH GROUP MEMBERSHIP. FIFTY PERCENT OF THE JEWISH BOYS CHOSE TO DELAY RECEIVING THE PRIZE, WHEREAS ONLY 20 PERCENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED NEGRO BOYS MADE THE SAME CHOICE. ALTHOUGH A BOY'S EARLY MODES OF IMPULSE CONTROL, AND CONTINGENCIES ASSOCIATED WITH HAVING TO SHARE A PRIZE WITH A SIBLING ARE FACTORS WHICH COULD EXPLAIN HIS TOLERANCE FOR DELAY, HIS TRUST IN THOSE PROMISING HIM THE PRIZE ALSO MUST BE CONSIDERED IN HIS DECISION TO DELAY GRATIFICATION AS IT IS A DETERMINANT IN THE RELATIONSHIP OF DELAY BEHAVIOR TO COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING. (JL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A