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ERIC Number: ED013228
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jun-28
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CLINICAL RESEARCH--A TWO-WAY STREET BETWEEN RESEARCH AND PRACTICE.
COOKINGHAM, FRANK; WARD, TED W.
A CASE IS MADE FOR CLINICAL RESEARCH AS A 2-WAY STREET BETWEEN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH AND PRACTICE. EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH IS DEFINED AS "THE DEVELOPMENT OF APPROPRIATE TECHNIQUES FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF THE LEARNING PROCESS IN AN EDUCATIONAL SETTING," THUS QUESTIONING THE RELEVANCY OF "BASIC" VS. "APPLIED" THEORIES. CLINICAL RESEARCH STUDIES CONSIST OF 3 STAGES--(1) EXPLORATORY OBSERVATION (A FOCUSED OBSERVATION FORM IS USED BY PRACTITIONER A TO SUMMARIZE SITUATION, TEACHER ACT, AND CONSEQUENCES OF PRACTITIONER B, WITH A ASKING B TO VERIFY THE SUMMARY), (2) REFLECTIVE OBSERVATION (A ASKS B WHY HE PERFORMED THE TEACHER ACT AND IF IT ILLUSTRATES HIS TEACHING BELIEF, STAGE 1 RESULTS ARE REVIEWED BY PEOPLE FAMILIAR WITH TEACHING ENVIRONMENT AND RESEARCH LITERATURE AND HYPOTHESES ARE MADE), (3) VERIFICATION (BRINGING TOGETHER OF EXPLORATORY AND REFLECTIVE VERIFICATIONS). COMPARISON OF CLINICAL RESEARCH TECHNIQUES WITH THOSE USED IN OTHER TYPES OF RESEARCH SHOW THE FOLLOWING CLINICAL RESEARCH OUTCOMES--(1) PRACTITIONERS ARE TRAINED TO SYSTEMATICALLY OBSERVE THEIR EVERYDAY ENVIRONMENT AND TO ACT IN ACCORDANCE, (2) RELATIONS BETWEEN PARTICULAR PRACTITIONER BEHAVIORS AND RELEVANT RESEARCH FINDINGS ARE MADE EXPLICIT TO SERVE AS FOCAL POINTS FOR MORE RELEVANT RESEARCH AND EFFECTIVE PRACTICE, (3) AN EASILY REVISABLE MODEL OF TEACHING IN A PARTICULAR SCHOOL SYSTEM IS PRODUCED FOR USE IN PRE- AND IN-SERVICE TRAINING. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Coll. of Education.
Identifiers: Focused Observation Form (Henderson and Ward)