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ERIC Number: ED013173
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Feb
Pages: 83
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE INITIAL TEACHING ALPHABET IN READING INSTRUCTION, EVALUATION-DEMONSTRATION PROJECT ON THE USE OF I.T.A. COMPREHENSIVE FINAL REPORT.
MAZURKIEWICZ, ALBERT J.
A 3-YEAR STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF BEGINNING READING INSTRUCTION WITH THE INITIAL TEACHING ALPHABET (ITA) AND WITH TRADITIONAL ORTHOGRAPHY (TO) ON PUPILS' READING ACHIEVEMENT IN BETHLEHEM, PENNSYLVANIA, IS REPORTED. THE SCORES OF KINDERGARTEN PUPILS ON THE LEE-CLARK READING READINESS TEST WERE USED TO INSURE THE HETEROGENEITY OF THE TREATMENT GROUPS. IN SEPTEMBER 1963 THE ITA GROUP INCLUDED 455 SUBJECTS IN 15 FIRST-GRADE CLASSROOMS. BY SEPTEMBER 1965 OVER 1400 FIRST GRADERS USED ITA FOR INITIAL READING AND WRITING INSTRUCTION. SUBSAMPLES OF THE ITA GROUP WERE MATCHED WITH THE TO CONTROL GROUP. THE FOLLOWING TESTS WERE ADMINISTERED DURING THE 3-YEAR PERIOD--THE CALIFORNIA TEST OF MENTAL MATURITY, THE CALIFORNIA TEST OF PERSONALITY, THE BOTEL WORD RECOGNITION INVENTORY, THE STANFORD ACHIEVEMENT TEST, THE PINTNER-CUNNINGHAM PRIMARY TEST, AND THE DURRELL-MURPHY DIAGNOSTIC READING READINESS TEST. MEAN SCORES, STANDARD DEVIATIONS, AND T TESTS WERE USED TO ANALYZE THE DATA. THE ITA METHOD WAS ADVANTAGEOUS TO STUDENTS WHO HAD LANGUAGE AND EXPERIENTIAL DIFFICULTIES. THE DIFFERENCE IN VOCABULARY SKILL BETWEEN GROUPS AT THE END OF SECOND GRADE FAVORED THE ITA GROUP. THE ITA GROUP ACHIEVED SUPERIOR READING SKILL AT AN EARLIER TIME, READ MORE WIDELY, AND WROTE MORE PROLIFICALLY WITH GREATER PROFICIENCY. ADDITIONAL RESULTS, CONCLUSIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS, IMPLICATIONS AND AN ADDENDUM OF OBSERVATIONS AND SUBJECTIVE REACTIONS AT THE END OF THE FIRST YEAR ARE INCLUDED. (BK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Fund for the Advancement of Education, New York, NY.; Bethlehem Area Schools, PA.; Lehigh Univ., Bethlehem, PA.
Identifiers: PENNSYLVANIA; Pennsylvania (Bethlehem)