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ERIC Number: ED013158
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-May
Pages: 46
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TEXAS MIGRANT LABOR, THE 1965 MIGRATION.
Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.
THE CALENDAR YEAR 1965 WAS THE FIRST FULL YEAR IN WHICH NO BRACEROS WERE IMPORTED FROM MEXICO. CROP LOSSES OCCURRED IN SOME AREAS OF THE COUNTRY DUE TO LABOR SHORTAGES, HOWEVER, GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS STATE THAT THESE SHORTAGES CAN BE AVOIDED IN THE FUTURE. THE MAJORITY OF TEXAS MIGRANTS LIVE IN SOUTH TEXAS AND APPROXIMATELY 95 PERCENT OF THEM ARE OF MEXICAN EXTRACTION. MOST OF THE OTHER FIVE PERCENT ARE EAST TEXAS NEGROES. THE MECHANIZATION OF COTTON HARVESTING AND THE EXPIRATION OF THE BRACERO PROGRAM HAVE CAUSED MORE TEXAS MIGRANTS TO SEEK EMPLOYMENT OUTSIDE OF THE STATE. IT WAS ESTIMATED THAT 31,500 SCHOOL AGE YOUNGSTERS FROM TEXAS MIGRATED WITH THEIR FAMILIES DURING 1965. IN THE FALL OF 1963 THE TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY INSTITUTED SPECIAL SIX MONTH MIGRANT EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS IN FIVE SOUTH TEXAS SCHOOL DISTRICTS. TABLES ARE INCLUDED WHICH SHOW (1) A BREAKDOWN OF MIGRANT FAMILIES BY AGE AND SEX, (2) STATES IN WHICH TEXAS MIGRANTS WORKED, (3) PRINCIPAL COUNTIES OF RESIDENCE OF MIGRANTS, AND (4) THE PERCENT OF MECHANIZED COTTON HARVESTING BY COUNTIES. ALSO INCLUDED ARE THE PROPOSED MIGRANT BILLS TO THE 58TH AND 59TH TEXAS LEGISLATURES AND A GLOSSARY OF TERMS. (ES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.
Identifiers: TEXAS COUNCIL ON MIGRANT LABOR