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ERIC Number: ED013157
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Mar
Pages: 48
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TEXAS MIGRANT LABOR, THE 1966 MIGRATION.
Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.
THE CALENDAR YEAR 1966 WAS THE SECOND FULL YEAR IN WHICH NO BRACEROS WERE IMPORTED FROM MEXICO. CRITICAL LABOR SHORTAGES OCCURRED IN SOME AREAS, HOWEVER, THE DOMESTIC LABOR SUPPLY BECAME MORE STABLE AND FEWER PROBLEMS WERE EXPERIENCED THAN IN 1965. THE MAJORITY OF TEXAS MIGRANTS LIVE IN SOUTH TEXAS AND APPROXIMATELY 95 PERCENT OF THEM ARE OF MEXICAN EXTRACTION. MOST OF THE OTHER FIVE PERCENT ARE EAST TEXAS NEGROES. THE MECHANIZATION OF HARVESTING SOME CROPS AND THE EXPIRATION OF THE BRACERO PROGRAM HAVE CAUSED MORE TEXAS MIGRANTS TO SEEK EMPLOYMENT OUTSIDE OF THE STATE. SOME 104,000 PERSONS MIGRATED FROM TEXAS FOR SEASONAL FARM LABOR IN OTHER STATES. OF THIS NUMBER, THERE WERE 36,000 YOUTHS UNDER SIXTEEN. IN THE FALL OF 1963, THE TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY INSTITUTED SPECIAL SIX MONTH MIGRANT EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS IN FIVE SOUTH TEXAS SCHOOL DISTRICTS. DURING THE SUMMER OF 1966, PRE-SCHOOL COURSES WERE CONDUCTED FOR 20,000 NON-ENGLISH SPEAKING CHILDREN. MANY OF THESE PROGRAMS WERE COUPLED WITH OEO WHICH PROVIDED NUTRITIONAL, HEALTH, AND SPECIAL SERVICES IN ADDITION TO EDUCATION. TABLES ARE INCLUDED WHICH SHOW (1) A BREAKDOWN OF MIGRANT FAMILIES BY AGE AND SEX, (2) THE PERCENT OF MECHANIZED COTTON HARVESTING BY COUNTIES, (3) NUMBERS OF COTTON PICKERS AND STRIPPERS IN USE IN TEXAS, AND (4) PRINCIPLE COUNTIES OF RESIDENCE OF MIGRANTS. ALSO INCLUDED ARE THE PROPOSED MIGRANT BILLS TO THE 58TH, 59TH, AND 60TH TEXAS LEGISLATURES AND A GLOSSARY OF TERMS. (ES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Good Neighbor Commission of Texas, Austin.
Identifiers: TEXAS COUNCIL ON MIGRANT LABOR