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ERIC Number: ED013135
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1961
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
QUESTIONS REGARDING AMERICAN INDIAN CRIMINALITY.
STEWART, OMER C.
FOR THE PURPOSE OF THIS DOCUMENT, AMERICAN INDIAN MEANS A SOCIAL-LEGAL GROUP. THE STATISTICS WERE OBTAINED FROM FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT SOURCES. IN 1960, THERE WERE OVER 70,000 INDIAN ARRESTS OUT OF FOUR MILLION ARRESTS REPORTED TO THE F.B.I. THE PER CAPITA AMERICAN INDIAN CRIMINALITY IS NEARLY SEVEN TIMES THE NATIONAL AVERAGE, NEARLY THREE TIMES THAT OF NEGROES AND NEARLY EIGHT TIMES THAT OF WHITES. OVER SEVENTY PERCENT OF THE INDIAN ARRESTS WERE ATTRIBUTED TO DRUNKENNESS, WHICH IS NEARLY TWELVE TIMES THE NATIONAL AVERAGE, NEARLY FIVE TIMES THAT OF NEGROES, AND NEARLY THIRTEEN TIMES THAT OF ORIENTALS (CHINESE AND JAPANESE). ARRESTS FOR ALL SUSPECTED CRIMES IN THE UNITED STATES WERE FOUR TIMES HIGHER IN URBAN AREAS THAN IN RURAL AREAS, BUT INDIAN ARRESTS WERE OVER TWENTY-THREE TIMES HIGHER IN URBAN AREAS THAN RURAL AREAS. INDIAN ARRESTS FOR ALCOHOL-CONNECTED CRIMES WERE NEARLY THIRTY-SEVEN TIMES AS GREAT AS WHITES, AND NEARLY FIFTEEN TIMES GREATER THAN COMPARABLE RATES FOR NEGROES. THE AUTHOR QUESTIONS WHETHER GROSS STATISTICS GIVE AN ACCURATE PICTURE OF THE AMOUNT OF INDIAN CRIMINALITY AND SUGGESTS AN INTENSIVE ANALYSIS OF LOCAL CONDITIONS WHICH MIGHT IDENTIFY FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO INDIAN DELINQUENCY. THE LAWS, AND THEIR RECENT CHANGES, CONCERNING ALCOHOL AND INDIANS ARE DISCUSSED. INCLUDED ARE CHARTS COMPARING ARREST STATISTICS TO AGE, TRIBE, SEX, TYPES OF CRIMES, RACES, AND ETHNIC GROUPS. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Apache (Tribe); Arizona (Phoenix); BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS; Colorado (Denver); DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; Navajo (Nation); New Mexico (Gallup); SOUTH DAKOTA