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ERIC Number: ED012935
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DO COUNSELORS KNOW WHEN TO USE THEIR HEADS INSTEAD OF THE FORMULA.
WATLEY, DONIVAN J.
THE PREDICTIVE SKILLS OF CLINICAL JUDGES WERE TESTED TO DETERMINE (1) IF VALIDATION EXPERIENCE AFFECTS THE ACCURACY OF CLINICAL JUDGMENT AND (2) IF THE CLINICAL JUDGE KNOWS WHEN TO DEVIATE FROM STATISTICAL PREDICTIONS. EIGHTEEN COUNSELORS WHO HAD PARTICIPATED IN A PREVIOUS INVESTIGATION OF PREDICTIVE SKILLS TOOK PART IN THE EXPERIMENT. ALL PARTICIPANTS WERE PROVIDED WITH INFORMATION REGARDING THEIR PREDICTIVE SKILLS IN THE PRIOR INVESTIGATION AND OTHER SPECIFIC DATA ABOUT CASE VARIABLES AND PRINCIPLES OF PREDICTION. THE PARTICIPANTS THEN WERE ASKED TO PREDICT FRESHMAN GRADES AND OVERALL COLLEGE GRADES FOR 50 CASES. CASE FOLDERS CONTAINED INFORMATION REGARDING SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE AND PAST ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AS WELL AS STATISTICAL DATA SUCH AS EXPECTANCY TABLES. RESULTS INDICATED THAT THE PREDICTION OF FRESHMAN AND OVERALL COLLEGE GRADES DID NOT IMPROVE FOLLOWING THE VALIDATION EXPERIENCE. THE JUDGES FAILED TO INCREASE THEIR PREDICTIVE ACCURACY WHEN UTILIZING THEIR CLINICAL "SKILLS" RATHER THAN A STATISTICAL METHOD. THIS DOCUMENT IS A NATIONAL MERIT SCHOLARSHIP CORPORATION RESEARCH REPORT, VOLUME 3, NUMBER 1, 1967. (SK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Merit Scholarship Corp., Evanston, IL.
Identifiers: Cooperative English Tests; MINNESOTA SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE TEST; UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA