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ERIC Number: ED012903
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Dec
Pages: 126
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
BILINGUAL READINESS IN EARLIEST SCHOOLS YEARS, A CURRICULUM DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.
FINOCCHIARO, MARY
A TWO-YEAR EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM TO DEVELOP "BILINGUAL READINESS" WAS UNDERTAKEN IN KINDERGARTEN AND FIRST GRADE CLASSES IN NEW YORK CITY. TWO PUBLIC SCHOOLS, ONE IN A POVERTY AREA AND ONE IN A MIDDLE CLASS AREA, WERE CHOSEN FOR THE STUDY. EFFORTS WERE MADE TO CHOOSE SIX KINDERGARTEN AND SIX FIRST GRADE CLASSES COMPOSED OF EQUAL NUMBERS OF NEGRO, SPANISH-SPEAKING, AND "OTHER" CHILDREN. GENERAL ABILITY AND INTELLIGENCE WERE NOT CONSIDERED. EVERY DAY FOR 15 MINUTES A TEACHER BILINGUAL IN SPANISH AND ENGLISH VISITED THE CLASSROOMS AND PRESENTED SPECIALLY PREPARED MATERIALS USING SPANISH ABOUT 65 PERCENT OF THE LESSON TIME. THE CHILDREN WERE ENCOURAGED TO RESPOND IN BOTH LANGUAGES AND THE SPANISH-SPEAKING CHILDREN WERE ALSO ENCOURAGED TO PARTICIPATE AS "INFORMANTS" AND TO ACT OUT STORIES IN SPANISH. THE CURRICULUM STRESSED VERBAL INTERACTION AND STIMULATION IN BOTH LANGUAGES. STORIES, SONGS, GAMES, DANCES, AND AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS (PUPPETS, REALIA, ETC.) WERE USED EXTENSIVELY. THE REGULAR CLASSROOM TEACHER WAS SHOWN HOW MATERIAL PRESENTED IN THE "BILINGUAL" CLASS COULD BE COORDINATED WITH REGULAR CLASSWORK. THE RESULTS OF THE STUDY INDICATED THAT THERE WAS GREATER ACCEPTANCE BY THE CHILDREN AND THEIR PARENTS OF SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNING. THE SPANISH-SPEAKING CHILDREN ACQUIRED GREATER SELF-CONFIDENCE AND CULTURAL AWARENESS. APPENDED TO THIS REPORT ARE NUMEROUS SAMPLE LESSONS AND LESSON PLANS. (JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY. Hunter Coll.
Identifiers: New York (New York)