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ERIC Number: ED012815
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Aug
Pages: 83
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND EDUCATIONAL FACTORS IN TRANSFER OF TRAINING, PHASE II. HOW CONSCIOUS IS TRANSFER OF A SPECIFIC RULE. TECHNICAL REPORT 6.
MCHALE, THOMAS J.; STOLUROW, LAWRENCE M.
TO DETERMINE THE SPECIFIC MECHANISMS THROUGH WHICH TRANSFER OCCURS, THIS STUDY INVESTIGATED TRANSFER RESULTING FROM THE LEARNING OF A SPECIFIC RULE OR PROCESSING FORMULA. PREVIOUS RESEARCH WAS COMBINED INTO A TENTATIVE THEORY OF TRANSFER WHICH WAS TESTED AND ASSESSED BY FOCUSING ON BOTH TRIALS-TO-CRITERION AND VERBAL REPORTS AS MEASURES OF TRANSFER. THE THEORY INVESTIGATED WAS--WHEN A RULE HAS BEEN LEARNED, IT EXISTS IN SOME FORM IN THE LEARNER'S MEMORY. THIS LEARNING WILL HAVE INFLUENCE ON LEARNING IN A NEW SITUATION ONLY IF A TRANSFER HYPOTHESIS AND A TRANSFER INTENTION ARE FORMED. TWO TASKS WERE PRESENTED. IN THE FIRST TASK, A RULE WAS LEARNED AS APPLIED TO ONE SET OF STIMULI. IN THE SECOND TASK, THE SAME RULE WAS PRESENTED ALONG WITH ALTERNATIVE RULES AS POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS TO THE TASK. FINDINGS BASED ON THE STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF ERRORS MADE BY THE GROUP TAUGHT RULE 1 AND THE GROUP TAUGHT RULE 2 INDICATED THAT THE SECOND RULE WAS MORE DIFFICULT TO LEARN AND USE. IN ADDITION, ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE OF TWO TIME-MEASURES FOR THE TRAINING TASK SUPPORT THE CONCLUSION THAT RULE 2 WAS THE MORE DIFFICULT. WHEN TRIALS-TO-CRITERION ALONE WAS USED AS THE CRITERION OF TRANSFER, IT APPEARED THAT THERE WERE NO TRANSFER-WITHOUT-AWARENESS EFFECTS AND THAT TRANSFER OF A SPECIFIC RULE COULD BE EXPLAINED SOLELY IN TERMS OF POSITIVE TRANSFER HYPOTHESES AND TRANSFER INTENTIONS. USING TYPE-OF-SOLUTION AS A FURTHER CRITERION OF TRANSFER DID NOT CHANGE THIS GENERAL CONCLUSION. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT MEASURES OF THE LEARNING PROCESS SEEMED TO BE THE MOST POWERFUL CRITERIA FOR DETECTING TRANSFER EFFECTS. (GD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Urbana. Bureau of Educational Research.
Identifiers: N/A