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ERIC Number: ED012812
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECT OF SUBSISTENCE PATTERNS ON MOTIVES AND VALUES.
LANGMAN, LAUREN
TO TEST THE THEORETICAL CONCEPT THAT THE ECONOMIC PRACTICES OF A GROUP WILL DETERMINE THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE, IDEOLOGY, CHILD-REARING PRACTICES AND DISTRIBUTIONS OF PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF THAT GROUP, A CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY WAS CONDUCTED. DIFFERING OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS WERE STUDIED--TRAPPERS, HORTICULTURISTS, AND PARTICIPANTS IN INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY WHO WERE CONSIDERED IN THE THREE SOCIAL CLASSES OF HIGH, MIDDLE, AND LOW. THE TRAPPERS SELECTED WERE CREE OF JAMES BAY, LIVING IN ONTARIO. THE HORTICULTURISTS SELECTED WERE THE MAYANS OF YUCATAN, AND THE INDUSTRIAL SOCIETY STUDIED WAS CHICAGO. THE SUBJECTS WERE RANDOMLY SELECTED AND INTERVIEWED. VALUES WERE MEASURED ON THE BASIS OF THE SUBJECTS' RESPONSES TO VERBALLY PRESENTED ITEMS, ADMINISTERED ORALLY TO THE TRADITIONAL GROUPS (TRAPPERS AND HORTICULTURISTS). NEED-FOR-ACHIEVEMENT WAS MEASURED BY SUBJECT'S RESPONSE TO SIX PICTORIAL STIMULI. NEED-FOR-AUTHORITY WAS MEASURED BY LIKERT SCALES. OF THE SEVERAL HYPOTHESES FORMED CONCERNING "VALUES,""MOTIVES," AND "SOCIALIZATION," SOME WERE CONFIRMED AND SOME WERE NOT. ANALYSIS OF THE REASONS WHY SOME PREDICTIONS WERE NOT CONFIRMED LED TO FURTHER ANALYSIS AND CONCLUSIONS THAT COULD BE OF VALUE IN FUTURE CROSS-CULTURAL STUDIES. THE AUTHOR CONCLUDED THE BASIC PREMISE OF THE STUDY WAS CONFIRMED BUT HE NOTED THAT MANY EFFECTS OF THE SUBSISTENCE ECONOMY ARE MEDIATED THROUGH THE SOCIAL STRUCTURE OR FAMILY SYSTEM AND THE CAUSAL RELATION TO THE ECONOMY IS NOT DIRECT. SOME VALUES WERE FOUND NOT TO BE RELATED TO ECONOMIC PRACTICES. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL.
Identifiers: N/A