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ERIC Number: ED012804
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Dec
Pages: 205
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SELECTED PSYCHOLOGICAL CONCEPTS AS APPLIED TO THE TEACHING OF DRAWING.
BEITTEL, KENNETH R.
TWO CLOSELY RELATED ART LEARNING EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED IN A SETTING WHERE COLLEGE UNDERGRADUATES, TRAINED AND UNTRAINED IN ART, MADE SEQUENTIAL DRAWINGS OVER A 6- AND 7-WEEK PERIOD UNDER RELATIVELY CONSTANT CONDITIONS, EXCEPT FOR THE INTRODUCTION OF CONTROLLED TREATMENT INFLUENCES. THE SECOND EXPERIMENT WAS BUILT, IN PART, ON THE OUTCOMES OF THE FIRST. SUBJECTS WORKED IN A LABORATORY STUDIO. THEY WORKED ONE AT A TIME, FOR HOURLY PERIODS. UNDER STIPULATED CONDITIONS, AN ASSEMBLAGE-LIKE, MANY SIDED STILL-LIFE WAS USED AS A DRAWING STIMULUS. WHEN THE STILL-LIFE WAS NOT USED, THE SUBJECT WAS SURROUNDED BY WHITE WALLS, FREE OF DECORATION. IN EACH EXPERIMENT TIME-LAPSE PHOTOGRAPHS OF DRAWING PROCESSES WERE USED AS FEEDBACK TO THE LEARNER. IN THESE EXPERIMENTS, TWO ART STRATEGIES, OR THOUGHT PROCESSES USED IN DECISION-MAKING, WERE STUDIED AS A BASIS FOR THE SELECTION OF TERMS FROM PSYCHOLOGICAL LEARNING THEORY TO BE USED ON A HIGH LEVEL OF ABSTRACTION FOR THEORY BUILDING ON LEARNING IN ART. THE TWO STRATEGIES USED WERE TERMED "SPONTANEOUS" AND "DIVERGENT." RESULTS OF THE STUDY PERMITTED IDENTIFICATION OF SIX FACTORS, THREE IN EACH STRATEGY WITH SEEMINGLY ACCEPTABLE LOGIC. THESE FACTORS, "PROCESS DIALOGUE,""SPATIAL CONTINUITY" AND "BIG CENTRAL ATTACK" FOR THE SPONTANEOUS STRATEGY AND "CONTROLLED DETAIL,""ELABORATION AND PATTERN," AND "SEGMENTED FORM AND SPACE" FOR THE DIVERGENT, WERE HIGHLY INTERCORRELATED, AND THE AUTHOR CONCLUDED THE STRATEGIES SHOULD NOT BE REGARDED AS BIPOLAR. FINDINGS IN RELATION TO THE CHARACTERISTICS AND PERFORMANCES OF THE STUDENTS ARE ALSO INCLUDED IN THE REPORT ALONG WITH A DISCUSSION OF IMPLICATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.
Identifiers: N/A