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ERIC Number: ED012540
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jan
Pages: 68
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CATEGORIZATION BEHAVIOR AND ACHIEVEMENT IN DEAF AND HEARING CHILDREN.
SILVERMAN, TOBY ROSALYN
THE TRIPLE MODE TEST OF CATEGORIZATION (TMT-CAT), A COPY OF WHICH IS INCLUDED WITH THIS DOCUMENT, WAS CONSTRUCTED AND VALIDATED TO MEASURE THREE MAJOR MODES OF CATEGORIZATION POSTULATED BY VYGOTSKY. THE TMT-CAT CONTAINS 131 TEST ITEMS WHICH ARE PICTURES IN FORCED-CHOICE-PAIR COMPARISONS. THE CHILD MUST INDICATE PLACEMENT OF A STIMULUS PICTURE IN ONE PICTURE OF THE PAIR. PAIRED PICTURES REPRESENT THREE CATEGORIES--SUPERORDINATE, FUNCTIONAL, AND ASSOCIATIVE. THIS INSTRUMENT, ALONG WITH THE STANFORD ACHIEVEMENT READING TEST, WAS ADMINISTERED TO 313 HEARING CHILDREN, 225 TYPICALLY DEAF CHILDREN, AND 27 SPECIAL CLASS DEAF CHILDREN, TO DETERMINE WHETHER THE DEAF EXHIBIT SIMILAR MODES AT THE SAME DEVELOPMENTAL LEVELS AS HEARING CHILDREN. MODES OF CATEGORIZATION WERE STUDIED AT DIFFERENT ACHIEVEMENT LEVELS OF DEAF AND HEARING CHILDREN TO DETERMINE WHETHER THESE MODES CONTRIBUTE TO DIFFERENTIAL SCHOLASTIC ACHIEVEMENT. CATEOGRIZATION SCORES OF ALL CHILDREN WERE ANALYZED BY FACTORIAL ANALYSES OF VARIANCE AND THROUGH CORRELATION ANALYSIS. DIFFERENT DEVELOPMENTAL PATTERNS WERE OBSERVED IN THE CATEGORIZATION MODES OF DEAF AND HEARING CHILDREN. WITH INCREASING AGE, SUPERORDINATE AND ASSOCIATIVE RESPONDING DECREASED, WHILE FUNCTIONAL RESPONDING INCREASED IN DEAF CHILDREN. WITH INCREASES IN GRADE AVERAGE, SIMILAR RESULTS WERE OBTAINED. FOR HEARING CHILDREN, INCREASING AGE WAS ACCOMPANIED BY INCREASED SUPERORDINATE RESPONDING, DECREASED ASSOCIATIVE RESPONDING, AND STABLE FUNCTIONAL RESPONDING. THIS SAME PATTERN EMERGED FOR GRADE AVERAGE AND MODES OF CATEGORIZATION. WHEN DEAF AND HEARING CHILDREN WERE MATCHED EXACTLY ON READING ACHIEVEMENT SCORES, ALL DIFFERENCES IN CATEGORIZATION BEHAVIOR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN THESE GROUPS. SIMILARLY, WHEN SPECIAL CLASS DEAF CHILDREN WERE MATCHED WITH THEIR READING ACHIEVEMENT COUNTERPARTS IN THE REGULAR CLASSROOMS, NO DIFFERENCES WERE OBSERVED IN THE CATEGORIZATION BEHAVIOR OF THESE GROUPS. VYGOTSKY'S MODEL WAS PARTIALLY CONFIRMED BY THE RESULTS. THE RESULTS ALSO SUGGESTED THAT DIFICIENCIES IN CATEGORIZATION BEHAVIOR MAY CONTRIBUTE TO DEFICIENT LANGUAGE PERFORMANCE IN THE DEAF CHILD. INCLUDED IS A LIST OF 13 REFERENCES. (AUTHOR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. School of Education.
Identifiers: New York (New York); Triple Mode Test of Categorization (Silverman)