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ERIC Number: ED012539
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jan-30
Pages: 253
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN EVALUATION OF SPEECH AND HEARING PROBLEMS IN THE SCHOOLS, RESEARCH PROBLEMS AND CAPABILITIES OF A RESEARCH CENTER FOR RESOLVING ISSUES PERTAINING TO SCHOOL PROGRAMS.
REES, MARYJANE; AND OTHERS
RESEARCH IS NEEDED TO DETERMINE THE AGE AT WHICH A CHILD WITH A FUNCTIONAL ARTICULATORY DISORDER SHOULD BEGIN THERAPY AND THE FREQUENCY OF THERAPY. THE AUTHORS REJECTED THE SURVEY METHOD BECAUSE OF ITS MANY LIMITATIONS. RESEARCH, USING THE EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH, WAS PLANNED TO SCREEN 30,000 CHILDREN, 724 OF WHOM WOULD BE ASSIGNED TO THERAPY, SPECIAL ATTENTION, OR UNTREATED GROUPS. GRADE OF BEGINNING THERAPY AND NUMBER OF SESSIONS WOULD BE VARIED. RESULTS OF THE RESEARCH WOULD SHOW WHETHER THERAPY WAS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN VICARIOUS LEARNING AND, IF SO, WHEN AND HOW THERAPY SHOULD BE IMPLEMENTED. NOTING THAT THIS EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM WAS NARROW IN SCOPE, THE AUTHORS FELT A NEW, MORE COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH WAS NEEDED. PLANS FOR THE EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM WERE SET ASIDE, AND THE AUTHORS DEVELOPED A MODEL FOR A RESEARCH CENTER FOR SCHOOL SPEECH THERAPISTS. EIGHT PROJECTS WERE UNDERTAKEN TO TEST THE PLAN TO DETERMINE IF IT COULD EVOLVE INFORMATION NEEDED FOR DETERMINING STANDARDS FOR SCHOOL SPEECH AND HEARING PROGRAMS. PROJECTS INVOLVED SCHOOL EXPERIENCE AND PREPARATION IN TEST ADMINISTRATION FOR STUDENT SPEECH THERAPISTS, CHARACTERISTICS OF PUPILS RECEIVING SPEECH AND HEARING THERAPY, ASSESSING ORAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS, PROSPECTUSES (FOR STUDIES OF STUTTERING, EFFECTS OF THERAPY, REMISSION OF "R" ERRORS, AND REMISSION OF "S" ERRORS), COORDINATED RESEARCH, AND TEACHERS' RANKING OF CHILDREN'S PARTICIPATION IN DISCUSSIONS. FUNCTIONS OF A RESEARCH CENTER ARE DESCRIBED. HOW SUCH CENTERS CAN ENCOURAGE AND AID THE SCHOOL SPEECH THERAPIST WITH RESEARCH PROJECTS IS SHOWN. INCLUDED ARE A 100-ITEM BIBLIOGRAPHY AND A CASE-RECORD ABSTRACT FORM WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE. (JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Speech and Hearing Association, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA