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ERIC Number: ED012500
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE NATURAL-LANGUAGE APPROACH TO PSYCHOMETRICS.
HELM, CARL E.
A COMPUTER PROGRAMING SYSTEM HAS BEEN DEVISED THAT WILL ALLOW THE RESEARCHER TO SPECIFY ANY OR ALL VARIABLES ENTERING INTO A PARTICULAR SIMULATION, ALONG WITH THE FUNCTIONS WHICH DEFINE THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN VARIABLES. THE SYTSTEM USES A "SPECIAL-PURPOSE-PROGRAMING LANGUAGE" BASED ON THE NATURAL LANGUAGE DESCRIPTION THE SCIENTIST USES TO DESCRIBE A LARGE CLASS OF PROCEDURES. THE HIGHER ORDER ABSTRACTIONS OF THE INTUITIVE SYSTEM OF THE SCIENTIST ARE USED TO PRODUCE SIMPLE, PRECISE DESCRIPTIONS OF HIS INTUITIVE SYSTEM. THIS ACCOMPLISHMENT MAKES IT POSSIBLE TO CLASSIFY AND ORGANIZE OBSERVED DATA WHICH WILL BE SIMULATED AND TESTED. COMMON THROUGHOUT THIS TYPE OF INVESTIGATION ARE THE PREMISES THAT (1) THERE EXISTS A HIERARCHY OF THEORIES WHICH DESCRIBE OTHER THEORIES CONSTRUCTED ON A SET OF INTUITIVE NOTIONS, (2) MEASUREMENT THEORIES PROVIDE INFORMATION ABOUT THE STRUCTURE OF THEORIES, AND (3) COMMUNICATION BETWEEN PSYCHOLOGISTS AND PSYCHOMETRISTS MUST USE NATURAL LANGUAGE AS ITS BASIS. LARGE-SCALE COMPUTERS BECOME THE TOOL OF THE PSYCHOMETRIST OR MATHEMATICAL PSYCHOLOGIST. HE USES THESE TO CONSTRUCT FORMAL DESCRIPTIONS OF THE PSYCHOLOGIST'S NATURAL-LANGUAGE DESCRIPTIONS. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE INVITATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TESTING PROBLEMS (NEW YORK CITY, OCTOBER 29, 1966) AND IS AVAILABLE FROM THE EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE, ROSEDALE ROAD, PRINCETON, NEW JERSEY 08540, 7 PAGES, FOR $1.50. (RL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers: New Jersey (Princeton); New York (New York)