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ERIC Number: ED012499
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN INTERACTIVE INQUIRER.
STONE, PHILIP J.
AUTOMATED LANGUAGE PROCESSING (CONTENT ANALYSIS) IS ENGAGED IN NEW VENTURES IN COMPUTER DIALOG AS A RESULT OF NEW TECHNIQUES IN CATEGORIZING RESPONSES. A COMPUTER "NEED-ACHIEVEMENT" SCORING SYSTEM HAS BEEN DEVELOPED. A SET OF COMPUTER PROGRAMS, LABELED "THE GENERAL INQUIRER," WILL SCORE COMPUTER INPUTS WITH RESPONSES FED FROM ITS MEMORY BANK. THESE RESPONSES, DRAWN FROM SOME 17 DIFFERENT DICTIONARIES, WILL CONTAIN APPROXIMATELY 6 MILLION WORDS ON INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES (IBM) CARDS. WHEN A SUBJECT WRITES A STORY, THE COMPUTER WILL IMMEDIATELY GIVE A SUMMARY OF THE AMOUNT OF "NEED-ACHIEVEMENT" PRESENT AND ALSO A SENTENCE-BY-SENTENCE ANALYSIS SHOWING WHERE "NEED-ACHIEVEMENT" IS FOUND. IN ANOTHER SYSTEM, CALLED THE "ELIZA," DEVELOPED BY J. WEIZENBAUM, THE COMPUTER PLAYS THE ROLE OF A PSYCHOTHERAPIST. IT HAS BEEN TESTED EXPERIMENTALLY BY ABELSON AND MCGUIRE, AND REVEALS THAT SUBJECTS COULD NOT CONSISTENTLY IDENTIFY WHETHER RESPONSES WERE BEING MADE BY THE COMPUTER OR A PERSON. MORE COMPLEX AND CONTINUOUS COMPUTER DIALOGS WILL BECOME POSSIBLE. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE INVITATIONAL CONFERENCE ON TESTING PROBLEMS (NEW YORK CITY, OCTOBER 29, 1966) AND IS AVAILABLE FROM THE EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE, ROSEDALE ROAD, PRINCETON, NEW JERSEY 08540, 17 PAGES, FOR $1.50. (RL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers: New Jersey (Princeton); New York (New York)