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ERIC Number: ED012470
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jan
Pages: 39
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE DERIVATION OF GUIDANCE OBJECTIVES AND OUTCOME CRITERIA--PRELIMINARY STATEMENT.
WELLMAN, FRANK E.
RESEARCH IN COUNSELING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY IS EXPLORED. BECAUSE THERE ARE SERIOUS LIMITATIONS TO THE ARTIFICIAL DISTINCTION BETWEEN PROCESS AND OUTCOME RESEARCH, THE AUTHOR FEELS THAT PROCESS AND OUTCOME RESEARCH SHOULD BE CARRIED ON CONCURRENTLY. PROBLEMS IN OUTCOME RESEARCH INCLUDE (1) SPECIFICATION OF INDEPENDENT VARIABLES, (2) CONTROL OF VARIABLES, (3) SPECIFICATION OF APPROPRIATE CRITERIA, (4) DEVELOPMENT OF AN ADEQUATE RESEARCH PARADIGM, AND (5) SOLUTION OF METHODOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF RESEARCH DESIGN. THE NATIONAL STUDY OF GUIDANCE IS ATTEMPTING TO DEVELOP GUIDANCE OBJECTIVES AND APPROPRIATE BEHAVIORAL CRITERIA FOR EVALUATION. EIGHT PROPOSITIONS WHICH ALLOW FOR HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND PROVIDE A FRAME OF REFERENCE FOR RESEARCH ON GUIDANCE OUTCOMES ARE PRESENTED. THIS CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK CONSIDERS INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT AND INTERACTION AMONG DEVELOPMENTAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES. A HIERARCHY OF THREE GUIDANCE OBJECTIVE LEVELS IS PROPOSED. THIS PAPER WAS PREPARED FOR PRESENTATION AT THE INVITATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RESEARCH PROBLEMS IN COUNSELING (CENTRAL MIDWESTERN REGIONAL EDUCATIONAL LABORATORY, ST. ANN, JANUARY 10-12, 1967). (SK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: COLUMBIA; Missouri (Saint Ann); NATIONAL STUDY OF GUIDANCE; UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI