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ERIC Number: ED012434
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Sep
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOME PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TRAINING.
FIKS, ALFRED I.
IN ORDER TO DETERMINE WHETHER EXTENSIVE PRIOR LISTENING PRACTICE IN A LANGUAGE COURSE WOULD HAVE ANY BENEFITS IN DEVELOPING SPEAKING AND AURAL COMPREHENSION SKILLS, 19 U.S. ARMY OFFICERS SCHEDULED TO GO TO VIETNAM WERE DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS THAT PARTICIPATED IN A SELF-INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAMED COURSE IN ELEMENTARY VIETNAMESE LASTING 83 HOURS. THE COURSE CONSISTED OF 25 PAIRS OF LESSONS IN WHICH THE FIRST LESSON COVERED AUDITORY COMPREHENSION OF VIETNAMESE WHILE THE SECOND LESSON EMPHASIZED ORAL PRODUCTION. ONE GROUP STUDIED ALL 25 OF THE AUDITORY COMPREHENSION LESSONS BEFORE BEING ASKED TO PRODUCE ANY VIETNAMESE. THE OTHER GROUP ALTERNATED BETWEEN COMPREHENSION AND PRODUCTION LESSONS. THE RESULTS SEEMED TO FAVOR THE ALTERNATION GROUP WHICH DID NOT HAVE THE EXTENDED AUDITORY COMPREHENSION PRACTICE. WHEN VARIATION IN LANGUAGE APTITUDE WAS CONTROLLED THROUGH COVARIANCE ANALYSIS, IT WAS FOUND THAT THE ONLY MEAN DIFFERENCE APPROACHING STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE WAS THE LONGER TIME SPENT ON COMPREHENSION LESSONS BY THE GROUP WITH EXTENDED AUDITORY TRAINING. THUS, NO SUPPORT WAS FOUND FOR THE OPINION THAT THE LANGUAGE LEARNER MUST FIRST LEARN TO DISCRIMINATE AMONG THE TARGET LANGUAGE SOUNDS BEFORE HE CONSCIOUSLY ATTEMPTS TO REPRODUCE THEM. THIS PAPER WAS PREPARED FOR PRESENTATION AT THE ANNUAL AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION MEETING (CHICAGO, SEPTEMBER 3-7, 1965). (JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Illinois (Chicago)