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ERIC Number: ED012388
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Mar
Pages: 104
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A SCALE TO IDENTIFY MALE DROPOUTS AT LIBERAL ARTS COLLEGES.
MERIGOLD, FRANK A.
TWO FORMS OF A SCALE FOR THE COLLEGE INTEREST INVENTORY THAT WERE INTENDED TO IDENTIFY MALE STUDENTS WHO WOULD DROP OUT OF LIBERAL ARTS COLLEGES WERE DEVELOPED AND TESTED. THE PREDICTIVE VALIDITY OF THE SCALES WAS EVALUATED BY COMPARISON WITH THE "SO,""SC," AND "AC" SCALES OF THE CALIFORNIA PSYCHOLOGICAL INVENTORY THAT HAVE BEEN USED TO PREDICT DROPOUTS AT THE 5-PERCENT LEVEL OF CONFIDENCE. THE STUDY SAMPLE CONSISTED OF 45 FIRST-SEMESTER DROPOUTS AND 65 SECOND-SEMESTER DROPOUTS FROM A GROUP OF 1,260 FRESHMEN IN NINE NEW ENGLAND COLLEGES, AND AN EQUAL NUMBER OF STAY-INS SELECTED AT RANDOM. THESE STUDENTS HAD TAKEN BOTH THE COLLEGE INTEREST INVENTORY AND CALIFORNIA PSYCHOLOGICAL INVENTORY. A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS WAS MADE TO IDENTIFY ITEMS THAT DISCRIMINATED BETWEEN THE SUBJECTS WHO WERE DROPOUTS AND THOSE WHO STAYED IN. TWO NEW SCALES WERE COMPOSED. A ".01 LEVEL SCALE" INCLUDED ITEMS OF .10, .05, AND .01 LEVELS OF CONFIDENCE, AND A ".05 LEVEL SCALE" INCLUDED ITEMS OF .05 AND .01 LEVELS ONLY. MEAN SCORES OF BOTH SCALES WERE COMPUTED FOR BOTH THE STAY-INS AND THE DROPOUTS. BOTH SCALES GAVE DIFFERENCES AT THE .05 LEVEL FOR THE 45-MEMBER GROUP. WHEN SCORED AGAINST THE 65-MEMBER GROUP, ONLY THE ".05 LEVEL SCALE" GAVE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN STAY-INS AND DROPOUTS AT THE .05 LEVEL. FROM THE RESULTS OF THE STUDY THE INVESTIGATOR CONCLUDED THAT THE COLLEGE INTEREST INVENTORY AND ADDITIONAL SCALES DEVELOPED WERE OF LIMITED USE IN PREDICTING DROPOUTS, AND SUGGESTED THAT THE CRITERION FOR DROPOUTS SHOULD BE REDEFINED TO EXCLUDE THOSE "FORCED OUT" BY ACADEMIC DEFICIENCES. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Boston Coll., Chestnut Hill, MA.
Identifiers: Massachusetts (Chestnut Hill)