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ERIC Number: ED012386
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Feb
Pages: 119
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
METHODS OF TEACHING BRAILLE READING.
ABEL, GEORGIE LEE; LOWENFELD, BERTHOLD
THIS THREE-PART REPORT DESCRIBES THE STATUS OF BRAILLE READING INSTRUCTION IN LOCAL AND RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS IN THE UNITED STATES IN 1965, PRESENTS STATISTICS DESCRIBING PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS OF 200 STUDENTS TESTED AS PART OF THIS STUDY, AND PRESENTS ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF THE DATA GATHERED FROM THE TESTS. THE STATUS OF BRAILLE READING INSTRUCTION WAS DETERMINED FROM QUESTIONNAIRES FILLED OUT BY 520 TEACHERS. NO CONSISTENTLY DIFFERENT PATTERNS OF INSTRUCTION WERE FOUND. IN THE SECOND PART OF THE STUDY. TESTS FOR DETERMINING READING RATE AND READING COMPREHENSION OF BRAILLE READERS WERE GIVEN TO 50 FOURTH GRADERS AND 50 EIGHTH GRADERS FROM LOCAL SCHOOLS AND AN EQUAL NUMBER FROM THE SAME GRADES IN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS. THE RESULTS WERE COMPARED WITH MEASURES OF THE SAME ABILITIES IN VISUAL READERS. RESULTS OF THE STUDY SHOWED THAT AGE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BLIND AND SEEING CHILDREN, AS GRADE-LEVEL GROUPS, WERE FAR LESS THAN REPORTED IN THE PAST. FOURTH-GRADE BLIND CHILDREN WERE 1.2 YEARS OVER AGE, AND PRACTICALLY NO DIFFERENCE WAS FOUND FOR EIGHTH GRADERS. INTELLIGENCE LEVELS OF FOURTH-GRADE STUDENTS WERE CLOSE TO AVERAGE, AND EIGHTH GRADERS WERE ABOVE NORMAL. READING COMPREHENSION OF THE BLIND CHILDREN WAS EQUAL TO THAT OF THE SEEING CHILDREN IN THE FOURTH GRADE, BUT WAS SUPERIOR TO THE COMPREHENSION OF SEEING CHILDREN IN THE EIGHTH GRADE. MOST STUDENTS WITH HIGH COMPREHENSION WERE FAST READERS, AND THOSE WITH LOW COMPREHENSION WERE SLOW READERS. READING BEHAVIORS FOUND TO BE CHARACTERISTIC OF THE SLOW AND FAST READERS WERE DESCRIBED, AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR READING INSTRUCTION WERE GIVEN. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Frederick Burk Foundation for Education, San Francisco, CA.
Identifiers: California (San Francisco)