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ERIC Number: ED012284
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EXPERIMENTS WITH TOKEN REINFORCEMENT IN A REMEDIAL CLASSROOM.
WOLF, MONTROSE M.; AND OTHERS
IN AN AFTER-SCHOOL REMEDIAL EDUCATION PROGRAM 16 FIFTH- AND SIXTH-GRADE URBAN DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS WERE TAUGHT TO MASTER STANDARD INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS WITH THE SUPPORT OF TOKEN REINFORCEMENTS. THE STUDENTS HAD SCORED 2 YEARS BELOW THE READING NORM ON THE STANFORD ACHIEVEMENT TEST, AND THEIR MEDIAN IQ WAS 88. TOKEN POINTS WERE MANIPULATED RELATIVE TO THE AMOUNT AND/OR DIFFICULTY OF SUCCESS WITH THE ASSIGNED PROBLEMS. POINTS EARNED WERE REWARDED BY A VARIETY OF GOODS AND SPECIAL EVENTS (TREATS) WHICH WERE HIERARCHICALLY RANKED, THAT IS, LONG RANGE GOALS WITH MORE VALUABLE REWARDS REQUIRED MORE TOKEN POINTS. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE RATE OF CERTAIN ACADEMIC BEHAVIOR AND THE TOKEN SYSTEM AND ITS CONTINGENCY WITH ACHIEVEMENT. OTHER CONTINGENCIES BUILT INTO THE PROJECT, NOT EXPERIMENTALLY ANALYZED, INCLUDED A MONEY BONUS FOR THE TEACHERS WHICH WAS LINKED TO THEIR STUDENTS' PRODUCTIVITY AND PERMISSION TO STUDENTS TO PURSUE FAVORITE SUBJECTS OR MORE ADVANCED WORK ONLY IF THE LESS POPULAR TASK WAS COMPLETED. OTHER TOKEN EARNING CONTINGENCIES WERE ATTENDANCE, GOOD BEHAVIOR, AND IMPROVEMENT IN GRADE AVERAGE. COMPARED WITH A CONTROL GROUP HAVING NO REMEDIATION, THE REINFORCEMENT GROUP GAINED AN AVERAGE OF 1 YEAR IN ACHIEVEMENT LEVEL AND 6 MONTHS IN THEIR PREVIOUSLY ACCUMULATED DEFICIT. ATTENDANCE AVERAGE 85 PERCENT AND MEDIAN REPORT CARD GAIN WAS 1.1 GRADE POINTS (C AVERAGE). (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Stanford Achievement Tests