NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED012283
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A PILOT BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM FOR SCHOOL DROPOUTS INCORPORATING A TOKEN REINFORCEMENT SYSTEM.
CLARK, MARILYN; AND OTHERS
A 2-MONTH BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM TESTED WHETHER A TOKEN REINFORCEMENT MIGHT BE AN EFFECTIVE INCENTIVE TO STIMULATE A DESIRED EDUCATIONAL BEHAVIOR. THE SUBJECTS (SS) WERE TWO MATCHED GROUPS OF FIVE 16- TO 21-YEAR-OLD GIRLS WHO WERE SCHOOL DROPOUTS EMPLOYED IN A NEIGHBORHOOD YOUTH CORPS (NYC) PROGRAM. A CLASSROOM GROUP WAS GIVEN A BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM WITH TOKEN REINFORCEMENT AND THE NYC JOB PLACEMENT, WHILE A JOB GROUP RECEIVED ONLY THE NYC PLACEMENT. BOTH GROUPS WERE PAID ACCORDING TO THE REGULAR NYC PAYMENT PRACTICES. THE REINFORCEMENT SYSTEM FOR THE CLASSROOM GROUP USED A POINT SCALE TO CORRECT ANSWERS (89 PERCENT CORRECT CRITERION) TO INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS WHICH WOULD DETERMINE THE GIRLS' SALARIES AND A POSSIBLE REWARD OF COMMODITIES. THE GIRLS WORKED INDIVIDUALLY ON THE COMMERCIAL INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND PACED THEMSELVES. THE POINT VALUES WERE SHIFTED TO INCREASE THE PROBABILITY OF THE SS' WORKING MORE INTENSIVELY IN THE AREAS OF GREATER DEFICIENCIES. A COMPARISON OF PRETEST AND POST-TEST CALIFORNIA ACHIEVEMENT TEST SCORES SHOWED A MEDIAN INCREASE OF 1.3 YEARS FOR THE CLASSROOM GROUP AND 0.2 YEARS FOR THE JOB GROUP. THE OVERALL REMEDIAL PROGRAM INCREASED THE ACADEMIC SKILLS OF THE GIRLS IN A RELATIVELY BRIEF PERIOD, AND THE TOKEN SYSTEM SEEMED TO BE FUNCTIONAL BECAUSE THE CHANGES IN THE NUMBER OF POINTS WHICH COULD BE EARNED IN CERTAIN WORKBOOKS MODIFIED THE STUDENTS CHOICE OF MATERIALS. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: California Achievement Tests; Neighborhood Youth Corps