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ERIC Number: ED012105
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 47
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION AS A SYSTEM--A PROPOSED GENERALIZED PROCEDURE FOR ANALYSIS.
REISMAN, ARNOLD; TAFT, MARTIN I.
A UNIFIED APPROACH TO THE ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS OF THE FUNCTIONS AND OPERATIONS IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IS PRESENTED. SYSTEMS ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES USED IN OTHER AREAS SUCH AS CRAFT, PERT, CERBS, AND OPERATIONS RESEARCH ARE SUGGESTED AS POTENTIALLY ADAPTABLE FOR USE IN HIGHER EDUCATION. THE MAJOR OBJECTIVE OF A SCHOOL IS TO ALLOCATE AVAILABLE RESOURCES IN SUCH A WAY AS TO MAXIMIZE THE DIFFERENCE IN POTENTIAL BETWEEN ENTERING AND LEAVING STUDENTS. THIS OBJECTIVE IS USED IN DEVELOPING SUCH GENERALIZED SYSTEMS AS CURRICULUM. TWO ORIENTATIONS ARE USED IN GENERALIZED SYSTEMS--(1) CONTROL VOLUME ANALYSIS (ANALYSIS OF THE INPUTS AND OUTPUTS TO AND FROM A FIXED VOLUME OF SPACE) AND (2) CONTROL MASS ANALYSIS (FOLLOWING THE PROGRESS OF A PARTICULAR STUDENT THROUGH THE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION). CHOICE OF ORIENTATION DEPENDS UPON THE TYPE OF STUDENT UNDER STUDY, THE LEVEL OF AGGREGATION, AND THE QUESTIONS TO BE ANSWERED. THIS SYSTEMS APPROACH IMPLIES--(1) THE INTRASYSTEM RELATIONSHIPS AND THE INTERRELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE SYSTEM AND ITS ENVIRONMENT ARE POTENTIALLY MANAGEABLE, UNDERSTANDABLE, AND CONTROLLABLE, (2) THE UNIVERSITY CAN EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF PARTICULAR PROPOSALS UPON EVERYTHING ELSE THAT TAKES PLACE IN THE UNIVERSITY, (3) ADMINISTRATIVE OR FACULTY DECISIONS CAN BE TESTED QUICKLY AND EFFICIENTLY, (4) AREAS IN NEED OF RESEARCH CAN BE IDENTIFIED, (5) SUBSYSTEMS CAN BE READILY HANDLED, (6) EXISTING AND EXPANDING SYSTEMS CAN BE REDESIGNED, (7) DISCIPLINARY BOUNDARIES TEND TO BREAK DOWN, AND COMMUNICATION TENDS TO INCREASE, AND (8) AN ADAPTIVE MECHANISM IS PROVIDED WHICH MOVES THE REAL SYSTEM TOWARDS IMPROVEMENT. (HW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A