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ERIC Number: ED012067
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Nov
Pages: 214
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF TAPE LISTENING ON CERTAIN MODES OF FUNCTIONING IN STUDENT COUNSELORS.
PETERSON, MARK B.
THIS STUDY DEMONSTRATES THE EFFECT OF LISTENING TO TAPE RECORDINGS ON STUDENT COUNSELOR'S (SC) COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR. SIX 5-MINUTE TAPES WERE VALIDATED TO PRESENT THREE KINDS OF CLIENT RESPONSES TO THE COUNSELOR--(1) NEGATIVE AND HOSTILE, (2) POSITIVE AND SUPPORTIVE, AND (3) NEUTRAL. AFTER LISTENING TO THE TAPES, THE SUBJECTS WERE ASKED TO PERFORM FIVE COGNITIVE TASKS TO SEE IF THE TAPES INFLUENCED PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE SHOWED WORD PERCEPTION, NUMBER PERCEPTION, AND CODING SIGNIFICANTLY ALTERED BY THE TAPES OF DIFFERENT AFFECTIVE TONES. THE ORDER OF TAPE PRESENTATION ALSO ALTERED TASK PERFORMANCE, ESPECIALLY ON NUMBER PERCEPTION AND CODING WHEN HOSTILE TAPES WERE HEARD FIRST. ONE IMPLICATION OF THESE RESULTS IS THAT THE SC'S INITIAL COUNSELING EXPERIENCE SHOULD BE POSITIVE, NOT HOSTILE, SO LEARNING WILL RESULT. FINDINGS ON GROUP DIFFERENCES ACCORDING TO AGE AND EXPERIENCE OF THE SC'S CONFLICTED WITH THOSE OF PREVIOUS RESEARCH INDICATING THE COMPLEXITY OF THE COGNITIVE VARIABLE. FURTHER RESEARCH IS NECESSARY TO DETERMINE THE RELATIONSHIP OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR TO THE EMOTIONAL REACTIONS OF THE COUNSELOR. (NS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Boston Univ., MA. School of Education.
Identifiers: Massachusetts (Boston)