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ERIC Number: ED012006
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Apr
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TWO ASPECT MARKERS IN MANDARIN.
WANG, WILLIAM S-Y.
TWO ASPECT MARKERS IN MANDARIN CHINESE ARE STUDIED WITHIN THE GENERAL FRAMEWORK OF A TRANSFORMATIONAL GRAMMAR. THEY ARE COMMONLY REPRESENTED AS "-LE," INDICATING COMPLETION OF ACTION, AND "-GUO," INDICATING THAT AN ACTION HAS TAKEN PLACE AT LEAST ONCE. THE PROBLEM INVOLVES SEVERAL SEEMING IRREGULARITIES IN THE FORMATION OF NEGATIVE SENTENCES AND THE SO-CALLED "A-NOT-A" QUESTIONS. THE SOLUTION PROPOSED CONSISTS OF THE IDENTIFICATION OF THE MORPH "-YOU" (AS IN MEIYOU) AND THE ASPECT MARKER "-LE" AS SUPPLETIVE ALTERNANTS OF THE SAME MORPHEME. A SET OF CONSTITUENT STRUCTURE RULES AND TRANSFORMATIONAL RULES ARE GIVEN. THE UNDERLYING P-MARKERS OF SEVERAL SENTENCES ARE ALSO GIVEN TO ILLUSTRATE THE RULES AS THEY RELATE TO THE PROBLEMS OF THE ASPECT MARKERS. (IT)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Research Foundation.
Identifiers: COLUMBUS; PROJECT ON LINGUISTIC ANALYSIS