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ERIC Number: ED011975
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Dec
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CHILDREN'S READING--SYNTACTIC STRUCTURE AND COMPREHENSION DIFFICULTY. FINAL REPORT.
NURSS, JOANNE R.
THE CONCERN OF THIS STUDY WAS THE EFFECT OF SENTENCES OF VARYING STRUCTURAL COMPLEXITY ON PRIMARY GRADE CHILDREN'S ORAL READING, SILENT READING, AND LISTENING COMPREHENSION. THE AUTHOR PREPARED 36 ONE-SENTENCE "STORIES" WHICH VARIED IN STRUCTURAL COMPLEXITY AS ASSESSED BY THE DEPTH HYPOTHESIS OF STRUCTURAL DEPTH (YNGVE, 1960), SECTOR ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL DEPTH (ALLEN, 1964), AND TRADITIONAL STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION. ONE-HALF OF THE SENTENCES REPRESENTED DIFFERENT DEGREES OF STRUCTURAL DEPTH, AND THE OTHER HALF, DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION. THE STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION SENTENCES WERE RANKED AS COMPLEX, COMPOUND, AND SIMPLE AS DEFINED BY TRADITIONAL GRAMMAR. ALL SENTENCES WERE DESIGNED WITH THE SAME INTEREST AND DIFFICULTY LEVEL AND WERE APPROXIMATELY THE SAME LENGTH. THE SUBJECTS WERE 144 SECOND-GRADE CHILDREN, EITHER SCREENED BY A VOCABULARY TEST OR SELECTED WITHOUT THE TEST. THE SENTENCE "STORIES" WERE EXPERIMENTALLY ROTATED OVER THE THREE TASKS OF ORAL READING, SILENT READING, AND LISTING COMPREHENSION. COMPREHENSION OF EACH SENTENCE WAS MEASURED BY A PICTURE-COMPREHENSION TEST AND AN EVALUATION OF ORAL-READING SCORES. THE HYPOTHESIS THAT SENTENCES OF GREATER STRUCTURAL DEPTH WOULD BE MORE DIFFICULT FOR CHILDREN TO READ WAS PARTIALLY SUPPORTED BY THE ORAL-READING ERROR DATA, BUT NOT BY THE PICTURE-COMPREHENSION DATA. THE HYPOTHESIS THAT SENTENCES OF MORE COMPLEX STRUCTURAL ORGANIZATION WOULD BE MORE DIFFICULT TO READ WAS NOT SUPPORTED BY EITHER MEASURE. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.
Identifiers: New York (New York)