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ERIC Number: ED011957
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Sep
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SENTENCE STRUCTURE AND THE EYE-VOICE SPAN. STUDIES IN ORAL READING, IX. PRELIMINARY DRAFT.
LEVIN, HARRY; TURNER, ELIZABETH ANN
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
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: New York (Ithaca)