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ERIC Number: ED011954
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Jan
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CONTINGENT VERSUS NON-CONTINGENT SPELLING PATTERNS. STUDIES OF ORAL READING, III. PRELIMINARY DRAFT.
BIEMILLER, ANDREW J.; LEVIN, HARRY
THE EFFECTS WHICH CERTAIN CORRESPONDENCES BETWEEN SPELLING AND SOUND HAVE ON READING WERE ASSESSED. THE 54 SUBJECTS WERE DRAWN IN EQUAL NUMBERS FROM GRADES 2, 3, AND 4. TO COMPARE THE RESPONSE LATENCIES AND THE ERRORS MADE WHEN READING THREE INTERMIXED LISTS OF 12 WORDS EACH, THE CHILDREN WERE ASKED TO READ ALOUD EACH WORD AS IT WAS PRESENTED ON THE SCREEN. THE FIRST LIST CONTAINED WORDS BEGINNING WITH "C,""G," OR "K" IN SOME OF THEIR LESS COMMON PRONUNCIATIONS. THE SECOND LIST CONTAINED WORDS BEGINNING WITH THE SAME LETTERS, BUT IN THEIR MORE COMMON PRONUNCIATIONS. THE THIRD LIST CONTAINED WORDS DIFFERING FROM THE FIRST LIST ONLY IN HAVING INITIAL LETTERS WITH INVARIANT SPELLING-TO-SOUND CORRESPONDENCES. THE ORAL RESPONSES TO EACH PRESENTED WORD WERE TAPE RECORDED, AND THE INTERVAL BETWEEN PRESENTATION OF THE WORD ON THE SCREEN AND THE SUBJECTS RESPONSE CONSTITUTED THE VERBAL REACTION TIME. ERRORS WERE ANALYZED FROM A TRANSCRIPT OF THE TAPE. LONGER LATENCIES AND MORE ERRORS WERE FOUND IN USING THE FIRST LIST, BUT NO DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE OTHER TWO LISTS WERE OBSERVED. RESULTS WERE MOST CLEAR-CUT FOR FOURTH GRADERS. ANALYSIS OF THE ERRORS SHOWED THAT MOST OF THE ERRORS MADE ON THE FIRST LIST CONSISTED OF GIVING THE MORE COMMON PRONUNCIATION OF THE FIRST LETTER. THE AUTHOR'S INTERPRETATION OF THE RESULTS WAS THAT THE CHILDREN RESPONDED TO THE SINGLE PRONUNCIATION PATTERN THEY HAD LEARNED, THE COMMON ONE, AND HAD DIFFICULTY WITH PATTERNS WITH WHICH THEY HAD LITTLE EXPERIENCE. HE CONCLUDED THAT THE CONTRASTIVE PRONUNCIATION FORMS SHOULD BE PRESENTED SIMULTANEOUSLY TO THE CHILD. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: New York (Ithaca)