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ERIC Number: ED011948
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Jan
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
REACTIVE INHIBITION (THE HULLIAN CONSTRUCT) AND ACHIEVEMENT IN READING.
OTTO, WAYNE
THIS PAPER SUMMARIZED THE RESULTS OF SEVERAL STUDIES CONDUCTED BY THE AUTHOR TO (1) INVESTIGATE THE GENERALITY OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN REACTIVE INHIBITION AND ACHIEVEMENT AND (2) DETERMINE FACTORS THAT AFFECT INHIBITORY POTENTIAL. THESE STUDIES WERE MADE WITH A VARIETY OF SAMPLE GROUPS. RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN REACTIVE INHIBITION AND ACHIEVEMENT IN READING, SPELLING, AND HANDWRITING WERE DEMONSTRATED. GIVEN A FAIRLY LOW LEVEL OF MOTIVATION, POOR ACHIEVERS APPEARED TO ACCUMULATE REACTIVE INHIBITION MORE RAPIDLY THAN GOOD ACHIEVERS. THERE WAS EVIDENCE THAT THE GOOD ACHIEVER'S PERFORMANCE AND TENDENCY TO ACCUMULATE REACTIVE INHIBITION INCREASE WHEN MOTIVATION IS INCREASED, BUT NO SUCH RELATIONSHIP WAS DEMONSTRATED WITH THE POOR ACHIEVER. IN ADDITION, THE AUTHOR TENTATIVELY SUGGESTED THAT ANXIETY ALSO PLAYS AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN PRODUCING REACTIVE INHIBITION, ALTHOUGH THIS RELATIONSHIP WAS NOT CLEARLY SHOWN. BASED ON HIS VARIOUS FINDINGS, THE AUTHOR TO ACCUMULATE REACTIVE INHIBITION INCREASED WHEN MOTIVATION ACCUMULATE MUCH REACTIVE INHIBITION AND POOR ACHIEVEMENT. HE WARNS, HOWEVER, THAT HE DOES NOT SUGGEST THAT SUCH A TENDENCY IS A "MAJOR" CAUSE FOR READING DISABILITY. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE NATIONAL READING CONFERENCE (DALLAS, DECEMBER 1965). (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Learning and Re-Education.
Identifiers: MADISON; Texas (Dallas)