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ERIC Number: ED011944
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Jan
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RELATIONSHIP OF RACE, SEX AND GRADE TO RESPONSES, TO VERBAL AND PICTORIAL STIMULI. PART II, A STUDY IN SMALL SOUTHERN CITIES.
OTTO, WAYNE
FURTHER EXAMINATION WAS MADE OF AN EARLIER RESEARCH FINDING WHICH SHOWED, CONTRARY TO "LOGICAL" ANALYSIS, THAT VERBAL REPRESENTATIONS EVOKE MORE SENSORY RESPONSES THAN DO BLACK AND WHITE LINE DRAWING REPRESENTATIONS OF THE SAME STIMULI. THIS RESEARCH FINDING HAD BEEN CONFIRMED BY TWO EARLIER STUDIES WHOSE SUBJECTS WERE ALL WHITE STUDENTS IN A RURAL COMMUNITY HIGH SCHOOL IN THE NORTHWEST AND RACIALLY UNDIFFERENTIATED STUDENTS IN A NORTHERN METROPOLITAN HIGH SCHOOL. IT WAS SUGGESTED, HOWEVER, THAT SUBJECTS WITH OTHER BACKGROUNDS AND IN OTHER GRADE LEVELS MIGHT RESPOND DIFFERENTLY. TO TEST THIS CONTENTION, THE INVESTIGATOR ADMINISTERED THE SAME MATERIALS AND FOLLOWED THE SAME PROCEDURES EMPLOYED IN ONE OF THE EARLIER STUDIES WITH A STUDENT SAMPLE FROM TWO SMALL SOUTHERN CITIES. THE NEW SAMPLE CONSISTED OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY STUDENTS IN A NEGRO SCHOOL AND ELEMENTARY STUDENTS IN A WHITE SCHOOL. ON AN OVERALL BASIS, THE RESULTS OF THE NEW STUDY CORROBORATED THE EARLIER FINDING. ONLY THE OUTCOMES DEMONSTRATED BY THE NEGRO ELEMENTARY SUBJECTS FAILED TO SUBSTANTIATE THE FINDING, AND A REPLICATION WITH YOUNG NEGRO STUDENTS WAS RECOMMENDED. THE EARLIER STUDIES HAD SHOWN A POSSIBLE DEVELOPMENTAL TREND TOWARD SENSORY RESPONSES. IN THE PRESENT STUDY, THE HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS GAVE MORE SENSORY RESPONSES THAN THE ELEMENTARY SUBJECTS, BUT THERE WAS NO CLEAR TREND FROM ONE GRADE TO THE NEXT WITHIN SCHOOLS. GIRLS TENDED, AS IN THE EARLIER STUDIED, TO GIVE MORE SENSORY RESPONSES THAN BOYS. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AS PART OF AN SYMPOSIUM AT AN ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION (CHICAGO, FEBRUARY 1966). (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Learning and Re-Education.
Identifiers: Illinois (Chicago); MADISON