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ERIC Number: ED011906
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECTS OF SOCIAL CLASS AND LEVEL OF ASPIRATION ON PERFORMANCE IN A STRUCTURED MOTHER-CHILD INTERACTION SITUATION.
BROPHY, JERE; AND OTHERS
RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SOCIAL CLASS, SUCCESS EXPECTATIONS OF MOTHERS, AND A TASK PERFORMANCE OF MOTHER AND CHILD WERE EXAMINED TO DETERMINE WHETHER DIFFERENCES IN EXPECTATIONS OF SUCCESS WOULD BE REFLECTED IN PERFORMANCE SCORES AND IN MEASURES OF EFFORT IN A PERCEPTUAL MOTOR TEST. THE SUBJECTS WERE 160 NEGRO MOTHERS FROM FOUR SOCIOECONOMIC LEVELS--MIDDLE CLASS INTACT FAMILY, UPPER-LOWER INTACT, LOWER-LOWER INTACT, AND LOWER-LOWER FATHER ABSENT--AND THEIR 4-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN DIVIDED EQUALLY BY SEX. THE TASK WAS TO REPRODUCE FIVE SIMPLE POLYGONS ON THE -ETCH-A-SKETCH- TOY WITH ONE KNOB WORKED BY THE MOTHER AND THE OTHER BY THE CHILD. BEFORE EACH TASK THE MOTHER WAS ASKED TO PREDICT HER SCORE IN DUPLICATING THE MODEL. THE MOTHER'S TASK WAS SEEN PRIMARILY AS THAT OF CONTROLLING THE CHILD AND EVOLVING A MUTUALLY UNDERSTOOD DIRECTIONAL SYSTEM. DATA WERE COLLECTED ON FIGURE SCORES, AND VERBAL BEHAVIOR AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY WERE OBSERVED AND RECORDED. THE MIDDLE CLASS GROUP SCORED HIGHER THAN THE OTHERS, WHO DID NOT DIFFER SIGNIFICANTLY AMONG THEMSELVES. IT WAS ALSO FOUND THAT THE KIND AND EXTENT OF CONTROL EXERCISED OVER THE CHILD WERE MORE POTENT IN DETERMINING SCORES THAN WERE "STRICTLY MATERNAL COGNITIVE VARIABLES." THERE WAS, IN ADDITION, A LACK OF CORRELATION BETWEEN PREDICTIONS AND OTHER MEASURES. ALL EXPECTATIONS THAT THE PREDICTIONS WERE MEASURING ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION WERE UNCONFIRMED. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE SOCIETY FOR RESEARCH IN CHILD DEVELOPMENT MEETINGS (MINNEAPOLIS, MARCH 25, 1965). (JG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A