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ERIC Number: ED011895
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-May-12
Pages: 58
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PRIVATE SOCIAL WELFARE'S DISENGAGEMENT FROM THE POOR--THE CASE OF FAMILY ADJUSTMENT AGENCIES.
CLOWARD, RICHARD A.; EPSTEIN, IRWIN
TWO POSSIBLE EXPLANATIONS FOR THE MAGNITUDE OF THE DISENGAGEMENT FROM THE POOR BY PRIVATE SOCIAL WORK AGENCIES ARE THE CONCERN THE SOCIAL WORK PROFESSION FOR ITS OWN STATUS, WHICH HAS LED IT TO SEEK A MORE PRESTIGIOUS CLIENTELE, AND THE FEELING THAT THE PSYCHOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY OF SOCIAL WORK IS MORE AMENABLE TO MIDDLE-CLASS THAN TO LOWER-CLASS SOCIALIZATION. ONE "CONSERVATIVE" EXPLANATION FOR THE PROBLEMS OF THE POOR IS THAT THESE PROBLEMS ARISE OUT OF PERSONAL RATHER THAN INSTITUTIONAL DEFICIENCIES. THE CONSERVATIVES THUS SAY THAT THE POOR CANNOT BE HELPED BECAUSE THEY DO NOT RECOGNIZE THE CAUSES OF THEIR PROBLEMS. THE AUTHORS CONCLUDE THAT CONFLICT HAS ARISEN BETWEEN THE AGENCIES AND THE POOR BECAUSE THE POOR SEE THEIR PROBLEMS AS CONCRETE AND WANT DIRECT SERVICE WHEREAS THE SOLIDLY MIDDLE-CLASS AGENCY IS PSYCHOLOGICALLY ORIENTED AND IS PREPARED ONLY TO TALK, NOT TO PROVIDE PHYSICAL SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS. THE RESULT IS THAT PRIVATE AGENCIES RELIEVE THEMSELVES OF THE RESPONSIBILITY OF HELPING THE POOR BY REFERRING THEM TO ALREADY OVERBURDENED PUBLIC AGENCIES. A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF 50 REFERENCES LISTS PERTINENT WORKS, MANY OF WHICH ARE DISCUSSED IN THE BODY OF THE PAPER IN AN HISTORICAL OVERVIEW OF THE ACTIVITIES OF SOCIAL WORK AGENCIES FROM 1900 TO 1960. (MR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A