NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED011735
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Jun
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN EXPERIMENT IN TEACHING A SECOND LANGUAGE.
FERSTER, C. B.; ROCHA E SILVA, M. I.
AN EXPERIMENT AT GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY WITH EIGHT COLLEGE FRESHMEN INVOLVED A SEMIAUTOMATIC METHOD OF TEACHING A RAPID INTRODUCTION TO THE BASIC STRUCTURE OF GERMAN DERIVED FROM AN OPERANT CONDITIONING ANALYSIS OF VERBAL BEHAVIOR. THE PREDOMINANT FEATURE OF THE PROGRAM WAS A MATCHING-TO-SAMPLE TECHNIQUE UTILIZING A TEACHING MACHINE AND CARDS. THE MAJOR PROGRAMING PRINCIPLE WAS TO DIFFERENTIALLY REINFORCE THE STUDENTS BEHAVIOR AS HE WAS PRESENTED WITH SIMPLE OR MIXED TEXTUAL, PICTORIAL, AND AUDITORY STIMULI. REINFORCEMENT OCCURRED IN THE FORM OF IMMEDIATE FEEDBACK INDICATING THE CORRECTNESS OF THE RESPONSE. THE HYPOTHESIS OF THE EXPERIMENT WAS THAT AN EXTENSIVE REPERTOIRE AS A LISTENER AND READER WOULD PROVIDE THE BASIC PERFORMANCE FROM WHICH SPEAKING AND WRITING COULD EMERGE. IT WAS ASSUMED THAT THE STUDENT WOULD REINFORCE AND SHAPE HIS OWN BEHAVIOR AS HE HEARD DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HIS OWN SPEECH AND THAT OF THE NATIVE MODEL. ANOTHER FEATURE OF THIS LARGELY AUTODIDACTIC PROGRAM WAS THE BRIEF TEST GIVEN THE STUDENT AFTER EACH LESSON WHICH MEASURED HIS TOTAL PERFORMANCE TO DATE. ALTHOUGH THE RESULTS OF THE EXPERIMENT SUPPORTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT SPEAKING AND WRITING SKILLS CAN BE TAUGHT THROUGH AUDITORY AND TEXTUAL MATERIALS, THAT PROCEDURE WAS NOT RECOMMENDED AS THE SOLE TEACHING METHOD. THE DOCUMENT INCLUDES AN EXTENSIVE, DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DESIGN, METHODS, TECHNIQUES, PHASES, AND RESULTS OF THE EXPERIMENT. THIS ARTICLE IS A REPRINT FROM "INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS IN LANGUAGE TEACHING," VOLUME 4, NUMBER 2, 1966. (AUTHOR/AS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A