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ERIC Number: ED011708
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-Jan
Pages: 102
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ACCEPTABILITY OF A FUNCTIONAL-COSMETIC ARTIFICIAL HAND FOR YOUNG CHILDREN.
FISHMAN, SIDNEY; KAY, HECTOR W.
SEVENTY-SEVEN CHILDREN, AGED 4 YEARS TO 12 YEARS, 4 MONTHS AND EXEMPLIFYING ALL LEVELS OF UPPER EXTREMITY AMPUTATION (PROSTHETIC TYPE) FROM WRIST-DISARTICULATION TO SHOULDER-DISARTICULATION, WORE THE APRL-SIERRA CHILD SIZE MODEL NUMBER 1 HAND FOR APPROXIMATELY 4 MONTHS. CHILD AND PARENTS MADE FOUR CLINIC VISITS FOR INITIAL SCREENING, FITTING, 2 MONTHS POSTFITTING EVALUATION, AND FINAL EVALUATION. TWENTY-ONE CHILDREN WANTED TO WEAR THE HAND EXCLUSIVELY, 21 DESIRED IT FOR MOST ACTIVITES, SEVEN CHILDREN PREFERRED IT ABOUT EQUALLY TO A HOOK, EIGHT CHILDREN AND PARENTS DISAGREED IN PRIMARY CHOICE, 13 PREFERRED THE HOOK, AND SEVEN REJECTED THE HAND COMPLETELY. WHEN COMPARED TO THE EQUIVALENT DORRANCE NUMBER 10X HOOK, THE NUMBER 1 HAND PROVIDED LESS TOTAL FUNCTION, BUT EQUAL FUNCTION FOR NUMEROUS ACTIVITIES, AND SUPERIOR FUNCTION FOR SOME CHILDREN ON CERTAIN TASKS. THE HAND HELPED THE CHILD'S SELF CONFIDENCE, AND ACCEPTANCE BY PEERS AND TEACHERS. PRESCRIPTION OF THE HAND WAS RECOMMENDED FOR APPROPRIATE SIZE AND AMPUTATION LEVELS. THE AUTHORS SAW THE NEED TO REDUCE THE AMOUNT OF BREAKAGE OF THE HAND AND TO PROVIDE A MORE DURABLE GLOVE. A HOOK IS SUGGESTED AS A SPARE OR PLAY DEVICE WHEN PRESCRIPTION FOR THE HAND IS MADE. APPENDIXES INCLUDE DATA-GATHERING QUESTIONNAIRES AND CHART OF HAND MALFUNCTIONS. A SIX-ITEM BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED. (MY)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. Coll. of Engineering.
Identifiers: Artifical Limbs; New York (New York)