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ERIC Number: ED011665
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Apr-5
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A STUDY OF THE ATTITUDES OF SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGISTS TOWARD THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL COUNSELOR.
KNOWLES, RICHARD T.; SHERTZER, BRUCE
A LIKERT-TYPE ATTITUDE SCALE WAS CONSTRUCTED TO DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN DUGAN'S DISTINCTION OF TWO VIEWS OF COUNSELOR ROLE AS A SPECIALIST AND AS A GENERALIST. IN A PILOT STUDY, RELIABILITY OF THE INSTRUMENT WAS ESTABLISHED AT .90. USABLE RETURNS OF THE ATTITUDE SCALE WERE RECEIVED FROM 291 ASSOCIATION FOR COUNSELOR EDUCATION AND SUPERVISION (ACES) MEMBERS, 289 AMERICAN SCHOOL COUNSELOR ASSOCIATION (ASCA) MEMBERS, 287 AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS (AASA) MEMBERS, AND 74 MEMBERS OF THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION (APA) DIVISION 16. A COMPARISON OF THE DISTRIBUTIONS OF VARIOUS GROUPS ON THE TOTAL TEST SCORE INDICATED THAT SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGISTS SCORED SIGNIFICANTLY MORE IN THE GENERALIST DIRECTION THAN ACES MEMBERS OR EVEN ASCA MEMBERS. HOWEVER, THEY DID NOT SEE THE COUNSELOR AS A GENERALIST AS MUCH AS THE SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS DID. SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGISTS TENDED TO EMPHASIZE THE GENERALIST ACTIVITIES OF THE COUNSELORS SUCH AS BEING INSTITUTION-RATHER THAN INDIVIDUAL-CENTERED, BEING INFORMATION GIVERS RATHER THAN DOING PERSONAL AND EDUCATIONAL COUNSELING, AND PRESENTING AN EDUCATIONAL RATHER THAN A PSYCHOLOGICAL VIEWPOINT. THIS SHOWS AN INCLINATION OF SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGISTS TOWARD ROLE DIFFERENTIATION AND POINTS TO THE POSSIBILITY OF FRICTION BETWEEN COUNSELORS AND PSYCHOLOGISTS RESULTING FROM ROLE PERCEPTION DIFFICULTIES. THIS SPEECH WAS DELIVERED AT THE AMERICAN PERSONNEL AND GUIDANCE ASSOCIATION CONVENTION (SESSION 197, WASHINGTON, D.C., APRIL 5, 1966). (PS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Personnel and Guidance Association, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; LIKERT PROCEDURE