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ERIC Number: ED011640
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE LECTURE, AN ANALYSIS AND REVIEW OF RESEARCH.
DICKENSON, GARY; VERNER, COOLIE
RESEARCH ON THE LECTURE TECHNIQUE CONDUCTED WITH ADULT GROUPS HAS BEEN FAR MORE VARIED THAN PREADULT RESEARCH, WHICH HAS BEEN DONE WITHIN THE LIMITATIONS OF THE CLASSROOM METHOD IN AN INSTITUTIONAL SETTING. STUDIES HAVE BEEN MADE OF IMMEDIATE OR DELAYED RECALL OF FACTUAL INFORMATION, OF MODIFICATION OF ATTITUDES OR BEHAVIOR, OF DELIVERY OVER RADIO OR TELEVISION, OF LEARNER PREFERENCES, OF CLASS SIZE, OF STUDENT RESPONSE, AND OF PRESENTATION MODE. THE LECTURE APPEARS TO BE AN EFFECTIVE TECHNIQUE FOR IMPARTING INFORMATION, BUT IT HAS LIMITATIONS WHICH SUGGEST THAT IT IS NOT AS EFFICIENT OR EFFECTIVE AS IT HAS BEEN THOUGHT. IT MUST BE SHORT AND CAREFULLY CONSTRUCTED, SHOULD BE SIMPLE IN LANGUAGE AND STYLE, AND SHOULD PRESENT ONLY MEANINGFUL AND UNCOMPLICATED INFORMATION. IT IS A SUITABLE TECHNIQUE TO IMPART INFORMATION IN A PARTICULAR WAY FOR A SPECIFIC GROUP WHEN THE PURPOSE IS TO AROUSE INTEREST IN A SUBJECT AND WHEN RETENTION OVER TIME IS NOT IMPORTANT. IT SEEMS NOT TO BE APPROPRIATE FOR THE APPLICATION OF SKILLS OR INFORMATION, THE ALTERATION OF ATTITUDES, FOR LONG-RANGE RETENTION, FOR COMPLEX CONTENT MATERIAL, OR WHEN PARTICIPANTS ARE BELOW AVERAGE LEVEL OF INTELLIGENCE, OR WHEN THEY MUST PARTICIPATE IN THE LEARNING ACTIVITY. THE MISUSE OF THE LECTURE AND OF LECTURE-TYPE TECHNIQUES IN ADULT EDUCATION WILL NOT BE ALTERED MATERIALLY UNTIL WE CAN MORE CLEARLY IDENTIFY INSTRUCTIONAL PROCESSES MOST APPROPRIATE FOR VARIOUS LEARNING TASKS. THE DOCUMENT CONTAINS 132 REFERENCES. THIS ARTICLE WAS PUBLISHED IN "ADULT EDUCATION," VOLUME 17, NUMBER 2, WINTER 1967. (EB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A