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ERIC Number: ED011576
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Apr
Pages: 39
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EDUCATIONAL ORIENTATIONS AND PARENTAL ENCOURAGEMENT--AN INTERVENING OR AN INDEPENDENT VARIABLE.
REHBERG, RICHARD A.; AND OTHERS
TWO MODELS OF THE INTERACTION OF PARENTAL ENCOURAGEMENT AND EDUCATIONAL EXPECTATIONS WERE EVALUATED IN COMPARISON WITH DATA GATHERED FROM A SURVEY. PARENTAL ENCOURAGEMENT WAS DEFINED AS AN OVERT ATTEMPT BY PARENTS TO INFLUENCE THEIR SON TO GO TO COLLEGE. ONE MODEL REPRESENTED PARENTAL ENCOURAGEMENT AS AN INTERVENING VARIABLE BETWEEN EDUCATIONAL EXPECTATIONS AND THE FACTORS OF EDUCATION OF FATHER, OCCUPATION OF FATHER, AND EDUCATION OF MOTHER. IN THE SECOND MODEL, PARENTAL ENCOURAGEMENT AND THE OTHER THREE FACTORS WERE DEPICTED AS INDEPENDENT VARIABLES INTERACTING WITH EDUCATIONAL EXPECTATIONS. A QUESTIONNAIRE WAS USED TO GATHER DATA FROM 6,000 SOPHOMORE STUDENTS IN PUBLIC AND PAROCHIAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SIX MIDDLE-SIZE PENNSYLVANIA CITIES. THE HOLLINGSHEAD SEVEN CATEGORY OCCUPATIONAL RATING SCALE WAS USED TO MEASURE OCCUPATION OF FATHER AND THE HOLLINGSHEAD SEVEN CATEGORY EDUCATIONAL RATING SCALE WAS USED TO MEASURE EDUCATION OF FATHER AND EDUCATION OF MOTHER. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS WAS USED TO ESTABLISH THE NECESSARY FACTORS IN THE MODELS. A CRITICAL TEST WAS THEN MADE FOR AN INTERVENING VARIABLE. RESULTS OF THE TEST WERE NOT CONSIDERED TO ADEQUATELY ESTABLISH PARENTAL ENCOURAGEMENT AS AN INTERVENING VARIABLE. TO ACCOUNT FOR THE DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN THIS STUDY AND EARLIER STUDIES, SEVERAL ASSUMPTIONS WERE MADE THAT LED TO THE CONCLUSION THAT PARENTAL ENCOURAGEMENT ACTS AS AN INDEPENDENT VARIABLE. A RELATED REPORT IS AA 000 007. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED TO THE EASTERN SOCIOLOGICAL SOCIETY ANNUAL MEETING, APRIL 15-17, 1966. (AL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene. Center for Advanced Study of Educational Administration.
Identifiers: Hollingshead Social Economic Status Measures; Oregon (Eugene)