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ERIC Number: ED011528
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1964-May
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DE FACTO SCHOOL SEGREGATION.
ROSE, ARNOLD
A WIDE RANGE OF ISSUES INVOLVED IN DE FACTO SCHOOL SEGREGATION ARE DISCUSSED IN THIS MONOGRAPH. A SECTION ON THE BACKGROUND AND NATURE OF THE PROBLEM DEALS WITH THE HISTORY OF SEGREGATION LAWS, RESTRICTIVE COVENANTS, RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION, AND THE MANIPULATION OF PUPIL TRANSFERS AS AVOIDANCE MANEUVERS. ANOTHER SECTION DISCUSSES THE SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ILLS OF SEGREGATION, THE TECHNIQUES OF TOKEN DESEGREGATION IN THE SOUTH, AND VARIOUS REASONS FOR WHITE NORTHERN RESISTANCE TO DESEGREGATION. SOME COURT CASES INVOLVING DE FACTO SEGREGATION ARE DETAILED AND INTERPRETED IN A THIRD SECTION. A FOURTH DESCRIBES VARIOUS METHODS OF ABOLISHING DE FACTO SCHOOL SEGREGATION WHERE THERE IS RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION--DIVISION BY GRADES (PRINCETON PLAN), REZONING SCHOOL BOUNDARIES AND SCHOOL RELOCATION, AND VOLUNTARY AND COMPULSORY TRANSFERS. THE FINAL CHAPTER DEALS WITH EFFORTS TO ELIMINATE DE FACTO SEGREGATION, THROUGH BOYCOTTS AND PROTESTS, SCHOOL BOARD POLICIES, STATE LAWS AGAINST RACIALLY UNBALANCED SCHOOLS, AND COMPENSATORY AND ENRICHMENT PROGRAMS. THE AUTHOR CONCLUDES THAT DESPITE THE VARIETY OF MANIPULATIONS USED TO ACHIEVE SCHOOL DESEGREGATION THE ULTIMATE SOLUTION DEPENDS UPON RESIDENTIAL DESEGREGATION, WHICH IS AT THE HEART OF THE NATIONAL SEGREGATION PROBLEM. THIS DOCUMENT IS ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF CHRISTIANS AND JEWS, 43 WEST 57TH STREET, NEW YORK, NEW YORK 19, FOR $0.75. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Conference of Christians and Jews, New York, NY.
Identifiers: New York (New York)