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ERIC Number: ED011492
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Feb
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOME DIFFERENCES IN ENCODING AND DECODING MESSAGES.
BICKLEY, A. C.; WEAVER, WENDELL W.
LANGUAGE ENCODING AND DECODING PROCESSES WERE EXAMINED BY DETERMINING THE ABILITY OF SUBJECTS TO PREDICT OMISSIONS FROM A NATURAL LANGUAGE TEXT WHICH THEY HAD PREVIOUSLY PRODUCED THEMSELVES, AND BY COMPARING THIS PERFORMANCE WITH THAT OF OTHER SUBJECTS TO PREDICT OMISSIONS FROM THESE SAME TEXTS WHICH THE SECOND GROUP READ AT THE TIME OF PRODUCTION. SIXTY-FOUR SOPHOMORES AT CAMPBELL COLLEGE WERE ASSIGNED RANDOMLY TO FOUR CONDITIONS, TWO EXPERIMENTAL AND TWO CONTROL. THE EXPERIMENTAL CONDITIONS WERE ENCODING--A GROUP OF SUBJECTS PRODUCED WRITTEN STORIES IN RESPONSE TO TWO THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST (TAT) CARDS, AND DECODING--A GROUP OF SUBJECTS READ PRODUCTIONS OF THE ENCODING GROUP. ONE CONTROL GROUP WAS ASSIGNED THE TASK OF PRODUCING STORIES, AND THIS GROUP (IRRELEVANT ENCODERS-DECODERS) WAS GIVEN THE STORIES OF THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP TO READ. THE OTHER CONTROL GROUP (NAIVE DECODERS) WAS GIVEN RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TAT STORIES TO READ. THE DEPENDENT VARIABLE WAS CLOZE TESTS. AN ORTHOGONAL COMPARISON OF MEANS WAS USED TO ANALYZE THE DATA. THE ENCODING GROUP HAD A SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER MEAN SCORE THAN THE DECODING GROUP. THE ENCODING AND DECODING GROUPS HAD SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER MEAN SCORES THAN THE IRRELEVANT ENCODING-DECODING GROUPS. NAIVE DECODERS WERE SIGNIFICANTLY LOWER THAN ANY OTHER GROUP. THE SIGNAL SYSTEM MAINTAINED VARIABILITY WHEN TRANSMISSION WAS ENTIRELY WITHIN THE ORGANISM. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION CONVENTION (NEW YORK, FEBRUARY 1967). (BR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Campbell College NC; New York (New York)