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ERIC Number: ED011491
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Aug
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
VISION AND COLLEGE READING - A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND REPORT OF A SURVEY.
MAXWELL, MARTHA J.
THE AMERICAN OPTICAL (AO) COMPANY'S SIGHT SCREENER, A PORTABLE BINOCULAR INSTRUMENT DESIGNED FOR MASS VISION TESTING, WAS EVALUATED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND READING AND STUDY SKILLS LABORATORY TO DETERMINE ITS CAPACITY TO IDENTIFY STUDENTS NEEDING PROFESSIONAL EYE EXAMINATIONS PRIOR TO READING INSTRUCTION. DATA FROM 106 PROBATIONARY FRESHMEN, AGED 18 TO 20, WHO WERE WEAK IN VERBAL SKILLS WERE USED IN THE EVALUATION OF VISUAL SUPPRESSION, VISUAL ACUITY, LATERAL MUSCLE BALANCE, VERTICAL MUSCLE BALANCE, DEPTH PERCEPTION, AND COLOR VISION. INCLUDED IN THE EVALUATION OF EACH SIGHT SCREENER TEST WAS (1) A DESCRIPTION OF THE TEST, (2) A COMPARISON WITH CLINICAL TESTS AND OTHER SCREENING INSTRUMENTS (KEYSTONE TELEBINOCULAR AND BAUSCH AND LOMB ORTHO-RATER), (3) SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN ADMINISTERING THE TEST, (4) GENERAL PROBLEMS IN TESTING THE PARTICULAR VISUAL FACTOR, (5) A DISCUSSION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND DATA AND COMPARISON WITH OTHER SURVEYS, AND (6) A DISCUSSION OF THE IMPLICATIONS AND APPLICATIONS OF THE RESULTS. RESEARCH ON THE RELATION OF VISUAL FACTORS TO READING SKILLS WAS EXAMINED. THE AUTHOR CONCLUDED THAT THE AO SIGHT SCREENER WAS A SATISFACTORY SCREENING TECHNIQUE FOR COLLEGE BECAUSE IT WAS RAPID, SIMPLE TO ADMINISTER, ECONOMICAL, AND DEPENDABLE IN MEASURING THOSE FUNCTIONS CONSIDERED IMPORTANT TO NORMAL VISION. TABLES, GRAPHS, AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. (LS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park.
Identifiers: American Optical Company Sight Screener; BAUSCH AND LOMB ORTHORATER; KEYSTONE TELEBINOCULAR; Maryland (College Park)