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ERIC Number: ED011490
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Apr
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
AN EXPERIMENT ON THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATIONAL APPEAL VS. TECHNIQUES UPON READING RATE IMPROVEMENT IN A GROUP OF COLLEGE STUDENTS.
MAXWELL, MARTHA J.; MUELLER, ARTHUR C.
A STUDY OF THE READING HABITS AND ABILITIES OF 132 PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE (1) IF READING SPEED COULD BE INCREASED WITHOUT CHANGE IN COMPREHENSION AND (2) WHETHER INFORMATION ABOUT SOME OF THE BASIC TECHNIQUES OF READING STRESSED IN TYPICAL READING COURSES COULD ELICIT CHANGES IN STANDARDIZED READING TEST PERFORMANCE. THE SUBJECTS WERE DIVIDED INTO CONTROL, MOTIVATIONAL, AND FACTUAL GROUPS. ALL SUBJECTS WERE PRETESTED WITH THE ROBINSON-HALL CANADIAN HISTORY TEST AND A QUESTIONNAIRE ABOUT READING HABITS AND ATTITUDES. THE MOTIVATIONAL GROUP READ A HANDOUT ABOUT THE BENEFITS OF RAPID READING BEFORE RETURNING TO TAKE THE POST-TEST BATTERY. THE FACTUAL GROUP RECEIVED SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVING READING SPEED. THE CONTROL GROUP RECEIVED NO INSTRUCTION OR SUGGESTIONS. SEVEN DAYS LATER THE ROBINSON-HALL ART AND RUSSIAN HISTORY TESTS AND A POST-QUESTIONNAIRE WERE ADMINISTERED. A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS WAS MADE OF PRE- AND POST-TEST SCORES, QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSES, AND SCHOLASTIC ABILITY FOR EACH GROUP. THE INVESTIGATORS FOUND THAT READING SPEED COULD BE INCREASED WITHOUT SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN COMPREHENSION AND THAT THE DISTRIBUTION OF HANDOUTS COULD HELP INCREASE STUDENTS' READING RATES. TABLES AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE GIVEN. COPIES OF THE HANDOUTS AND QUESTIONNAIRES USED ARE INCLUDED. (LS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park.
Identifiers: Maryland (College Park); Robinson Hall Reading Tests of History