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ERIC Number: ED011470
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1959
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE SCHOOL DAY, THE SCHOOL YEAR AND WORK LOAD OF TEACHERS, A STUDY OF THE EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS.
New York State Teachers Association, Albany.
THE ASSOCIATION FOUND THAT RESEARCH ON CLASS SIZE IS FREQUENTLY MISINTERPRETED EVEN BY EDUCATORS. IN ORDER TO CLARIFY TERMS, THIS STUDY USES THESE DEFINITIONS--CLASS SIZE IS THE NUMBER OF STUDENTS ASSIGNED TO A TEACHER FOR A PERIOD OF INSTRUCTION, CLASS LOAD IS THE NUMBER OF PUPILS FOR WHOM TEACHERS ARE RESPONSIBLE DAILY WHERE THE TEACHER IS ASSIGNED MORE THAN ONE CLASS EACH DAY, AND STAFFING RATIO REPRESENTS THE RATIO OF PROFESSIONAL STAFF (SUPERVISORS, ADMINISTRATORS, TEACHERS AND PROFESSIONAL PERSONNEL) TO PUPILS. APPROXIMATELY 80 PERCENT OF THE RESEARCH REVIEWED BY THIS STUDY GROUP EITHER SUBSTANTIATED THE VALUE OF SMALL CLASSES OR WAS INCONCLUSIVE. WHEN PRINCIPLES OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGY WERE APPLIED TO VARIABLES AFFECTING LEARNING, FIVE OUT OF EVERY SIX STUDIES TENDED TO FAVOR SMALL CLASSES. SINCE RESEARCH HAS NOT BEEN CONCLUSIVE, TEACHER JUDGMENT AND EXPERIENCE SHOULD BE GIVEN SERIOUS CONSIDERATION IN DETERMINATIONS OF CLASS SIZE. TEACHERS HAVE LEARNED THAT LARGE CLASSES FORCE DEVELOPMENT OF A GROUP NORM EXPECTANCY, WHEREAS SMALLER CLASSES ALLOW THE TEACHER TO BE INNOVATIVE, TO GIVE MORE ATTENTION TO INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, AND TO EMPLOY BETTER TEACHING PRACTICES. ALTHOUGH RECOGNIZING THE DIFFICULTIES INVOLVED IN DETERMINING CLASS SIZE AND GROUPING POLICY, THE OPTIMUM CLASS SIZE OF 25 IS THE AVERAGE OF THOSE CLASS SIZES WHERE CONSIDERATION HAS BEEN GIVEN TO PURPOSE, GROUPING, EDUCATIONAL, PHILOSOPHY, PUPIL CHARACTERISTICS, AND DIFFERENT KINDS OF LEARNING. (BR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York State Teachers Association, Albany.
Identifiers: ENCYCLOPEDIA OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH; New York (Albany); New York (New York)