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ERIC Number: ED011439
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A SYSTEM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPEAKING IN THE TEACHING OF RUSSIAN TO FOREIGNERS.
BITEKHTIN, G.A.; BOCKMAN, JOHN F.
WHILE EVERY OTHER ASPECT OF LANGUAGE TEACHING IS TODAY SUBORDINATE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPEAKING, PROBLEMS WILL DEVELOP UNLESS THERE IS AN ESSENTIAL REWORKING OF METHODOLOGY AND AN ESTABLISHMENT OF A SYSTEM FOR DEVELOPING EFFECTIVE ORAL FACILITY. CONSCIOUSNESS OF GRAMMATICAL PHENOMENA IS INDISPENSABLE FOR RAPID MASTERY OF SPOKEN RUSSIAN. THE TEACHING OF GRAMMAR BY PATTERNS, ADVANTAGEOUS AS THE METHOD MAY BE IN TEACHING SPEAKING IN ANALYTICAL LANGUAGES, IS INAPPROPRIATE FOR RUSSIAN, WHERE ANY LINGUISTIC PATTERN MUST BE SUPPLEMENTED BY RULES OF FORM PRODUCTION. TRAINING IN SPEECH DEVELOPMENT IS PRIMARILY THE FORMING OF HABITS OF DIFFERENTIATION AMONG LINGUISTIC PHENOMENA, FOR WHICH THERE CAN BE NO PURELY MECHANICAL TRAINING. CONSTANT, THOUGHTFUL ACTIVITY AT MOMENTS OF SPEAKING IS ESSENTIAL. HABITS, ONCE FORMED CONSCIOUSLY, ARE INCLUDED IN THE FORMATION OF OTHER CONSCIOUSLY FORMED HABITS UNTIL A COMPLEX OF PHENOMENA EMERGES IN THE MIND OF THE STUDENT. LEXICAL PHENOMENA MUST BE INTERWOVEN WITH GRAMMATICAL PHENOMENA FOR AN ORGANIZED MERGER IN THE MIND OF THE LEARNER. A VARIETY OF ACTIVITIES ELABORATE THE SYSTEM--THE USUAL AUDIOLINGUAL METHODS, LISTENING TO TAPES TO DEVELOP COMPREHENSION, NATURAL CLASSROOM DIALOGS, "SHORT-MEMORY" TRAINING, CREATION OF LIFE SITUATIONS, QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS, AND SPEAKING FROM PICTURES. IN ALL OF THESE, CONSCIOUSNESS OF THE EXISTENCE OF COMMUNICATIVE SPEAKING SITUATIONS IS VITAL. THIS ARTICLE IS A PUBLICATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR FOR FOREIGN TEACHERS OF RUSSIAN (MOSCOW, 1965). (AUTHOR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Moscow State University (USSR); RUSSIA