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ERIC Number: ED011404
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Nov-10
Pages: 41
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
METHODOLOGICAL STRATEGIES FOR EDUCATIONAL CHANGE.
GUBA, EGON G.
THIS STUDY OF STRATEGIES FOR EDUCATIONAL CHANGE CONCLUDES THAT THE AEXPERIMENTAL, OBSERVATIONAL, OR FIELD STUDY APPROACH IS PREFERRED TO THE EXPERIMENTAL OR LABORATORY APPROACH, BOTH FOR CHANGE RESEARCH, WHICH IS CONCERNED WITH THE ENTIRE PROCESS OF CHANGE, AND FOR EVALUATION, WHICH IS CONCERNED WITH THE ASSESSMENT OF SINGLE PHASES OF CHANGE. EXPERIMENTAL STRATEGY INQUIRES INTO POSSIBILITIES, WHEREAS AEXPERIMENTAL STRATEGY INQUIRES INTO ACTUALITIES. OTHER DISTINCTIONS INCLUDE SETTING, LEVEL OF CONTROL, SCOPE, NUMBER OF VARIABLES, TREATMENT, AND CONTEXT. EDUCATIONAL CHANGE IS A PROCESS INVOLVING FOUR STAGES, EACH WITH A PARTICULAR OBJECTIVE--(1) RESEARCH IS RESTRICTED TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF BASIC KNOWLEDGE, (2) DEVELOPMENT FORMULATES AN INVENTION OR SOLUTION TO AN ACTION PROBLEM AND PREPARES THE DESIGN FOR ITS INSTITUTIONAL USE, (3) DIFFUSION DISSEMINATES INFORMATION ABOUT THE INVENTION AND DEMONSTRATES ITS UTILITY, AND (4) ADOPTION ESTABLISHES AN INVENTION AS PART OF AN ONGOING PROGRAM. A NUMBER OF FIELD STUDY TECHNIQUES ARE DESCRIBED--(1) A SYSTEMATIZED DEVELOPMENT OF OBJECTIVES, DEFINED AS A PROGRAMMATIC APPROACH, WITH AN ORDERED ACTION TAXONOMY TO DEPICT, RELATE, CONCEPTUALIZE, AND TEST, (2) THE CONDUCT OF INQUIRY WITHIN AN EXPLICIT THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK, (3) A PHENOMENOLOGICAL IDENTIFICATION OF THE INVESTIGATOR WITH THE ACTUAL FIELD OF HIS STUDY RATHER THAN WITH AN EXPERIMENTAL CONDITION, (4) REPLICATION AND RECYCLING OF INQUIRY, DEFINED AS THE TACTIC OF ACCUMULATIVE EVIDENCE, AND (5) THE ANALYSIS OF PATHOLOGIES TO GAIN INSIGHTS INTO NATURAL SITUATIONS. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED TO THE CONFERENCE ON STRATEGIES FOR EDUCATIONAL CHANGE (WASHINGTON, D.C., NOVEMBER 8-10, 1965). (JK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA