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ERIC Number: ED011377
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE PHONEMES OF OKINAWAN.
LUELSDORFF, PHILIP A.
THE LANGUAGES OF OKINAWAN MAY BE DIVIDED INTO THREE MUTUALLY UNINTELLIGIBLE REGIONAL DIALECTS, CORRESPONDING GEOGRAPHICALLY TO THE THREE GROUPS OF ISLANDS OF THE RYUUKYUU ARCHIPELAGO. AS REPRESENTATIVE MODEL OF THE REGIONAL DIALECTS, AGENA-GUCHI IS ANALYZED WITH RESPECT TO PHONEMIC SYSTEMS, OKINAWAN MORPHOPHONEMICS, AND OKINAWAN SYLLABLE STRUCTURE WITHIN THE TRANSFORMATIONAL GENERATIVE FRAMEWORK. FOUR SUBCLASSES OF PHONEMES ARE ESTABLISHED--(1) VOWELS, FIVE SYSTEMATIC PHONEMES, (2) LIQUIDS, ONE PHONEME, (3) GLIDES, ONE PHONEME, AND (4) CONSONANTS, EIGHT PHONEMES. ALL ARE DISCUSSED AND CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO ACOUSTIC AND ARTICULATORY CRITERIA. THE SUBCLASS "CONSONANTS" IS FURTHER DIVIDED INTO TWO SYSTEMS ACCORDING TO THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF THE FEATURE (CONTINUANT). THE VOWELS ARE REPRESENTED BY A FIVE-MEMBERED TRIANGULAR SYSTEM BASED ON THE FOLLOWING DISTINCTIVE FEATURES--VOCALIC - CONSONANTAL, DIFFUSE - COMPACT, AND GRAVE. NEITHER PITCH NOR STRESS IS DISTINCTIVE. A COMPLETE ANALYSIS OF OKINAWAN SEGMENTAL PHONEMES MIGHT REQUIRE ADDING TWO MORE DISTINCTIVE FEATURES, MORA - NONMORA, AND SYLLABIC - NONSYLLABIC, TO COVER DEEP STRUCTURE AND SURFACE STRUCTURE DERIVATIONS. (FB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Japan (Ryukyu Islands)