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ERIC Number: ED011332
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECT OF SEGREGATION ON THE ASPIRATIONS OF NEGRO YOUTH.
ST. JOHN, NANCY
THE AUTHOR TESTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THERE IS A NEGATIVE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE DEGREE OF SEGREGATION AND THE ASPIRATION LEVEL OF NEGRO STUDENTS. THE STUDY WAS LIMITED TO NEGRO AND WHITE HIGH SCHOOL JUNIORS IN A NEW ENGLAND TOWN. ALTHOUGH HER FINDINGS SHOWED THAT NEGRO HIGH SCHOOL JUNIORS DO HAVE LOWER EDUCATIONAL ASPIRATIONS THAN WHITES, THEY FAILED TO SUPPORT THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THIS FACT IS RELATED TO THE AVERAGE SCHOOL PERCENT NEGRO (ASPN) IN THE FIRST 9 SCHOOL YEARS. BEFORE CONCLUDING THAT THERE IS NO RELATION BETWEEN EARLY SEGREGATION EXPERIENCE AND ASPIRATION IN HIGH SCHOOL, THE AUTHOR CONSIDERED (1) GEOGRAPHICAL DIFFERENCES OF PRE-HIGH-SCHOOL SCHOOLS ATTENDED, (2) UNCONTROLLED DIFFERENCES OF PRE-HIGH-SCHOOL SCHOOLS ATTENDED, AND (3) SOCIOECONOMIC DIFFERENCES. THE AUTHOR FOUND THAT "SOUTHERN" NEGROES DID HAVE CONSISTENTLY LOWER ASPIRATIONS THAN "NORTHERN" NEGROES, BUT WHEN THE SAMPLE WAS RESTRICTED TO NORTHERN EDUCATED NEGROES, THE HYPOTHESIS WAS STILL NOT SUPPORTED. THE AUTHOR FOUND, CONTRARY TO THE HYPOTHESIS, A TENDENCY TOWARD HIGHER ASPIRATIONS IN HIGH ASPN SCHOOLS THAN IN LOW ASPN SCHOOLS, BUT FOUND NO UNCONTROLLED DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE SCHOOLS TO ACCOUNT FOR THIS. NOR DID PARENTAL SOCIAL CLASS ACCOUNT FOR ASPIRATION DIFFERENCES, SINCE LOWER-CLASS WHITE STUDENTS HAD LOWER ASPIRATIONS REGARDLESS OF ASPN SCORE, WHILE NEGRO ASPIRATION SCORES VARIED POSITIVELY WITH THE ASPN SCORES REGARDLESS OF SOCIAL CLASS. THE AUTHOR SUGGESTED THAT IF THE SCHOOL'S ATMOSPHERE IS NEGATIVE, A NEGRO CHILD'S SELF-ESTEEM IS MORE THREATENED BY A DESEGREGATED SCHOOL THAN BY A SEGREGATED SCHOOL. THIS REPORT IS A REPRINT FROM THE "HARVARD EDUCATIONAL REVIEW," VOLUME 36, NUMBER 3, SUMMER 1966. (JH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CAMBRIDGE