NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED011239
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1963-Dec
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE DIRECT TEACHING OF CRITICAL THINKING IN GRADES FOUR THROUGH SIX.
MASON, JOHN M.
SCIENCE UNITS CONSTRUCTED TO DIRECTLY TEACH CRITICAL THINKING ARE COMPARED WITH CONVENTIONAL SCIENCE UNITS FOR EFFECTIVENESS IN THE TEACHING OF CRITICAL THINKING. THE SAMPLE INCLUDED 1,554 FOURTH, FIFTH, AND SIXTH GRADE STUDENTS TAUGHT BY 65 TEACHERS IN FIVE DIFFERENT SCHOOL SYSTEMS. TEACHERS OF THE 469 STUDENTS IN THE RESEARCH GROUP WERE PERMITTED TO MODIFY TECHNIQUES IN THE UNITS DEVELOPED FOR THE STUDY. THE TEACHERS OF THE 651 STUDENTS IN THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP USED THE UNITS AS WRITTEN. THE TEACHERS OF THE 434 STUDENTS IN THE CONTROL GROUP TAUGHT THE CONCEPTS INCLUDED IN THE UNITS, BUT USED THEIR USUAL TEACHING APPROACH. STUDENTS WERE PRETESTED AND POST-TESTED WITH UNIT ACHIEVEMENT TESTS AND A TEST DESIGNED TO MEASURE CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE AND COVARIANCE WERE USED TO COMPARE THE ACHIEVEMENTS OF GROUPS. PUPILS IN ALL GROUPS MADE SIGNIFICANT GAINS IN SUBJECT MATTER INFORMATION. ALL BUT THE FIFTH GRADE CONTROL GROUP MADE SIGNIFICANT GAINS IN CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS. THE AUTHOR CONCLUDED THAT CRITICAL THINKING CAN BE TAUGHT MORE EFFECTIVELY WHEN STUDENTS ARE GIVEN DIRECT TRAINING IN THE METHODS OF SCIENCE. THIS ARTICLE IS PUBLISHED IN THE "JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN SCIENCE TEACHING," VOLUME 1, ISSUE 4, 1963. (AG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: MICHIGAN; Michigan (Dearborn); Michigan (East Lansing); Michigan (Flint); Michigan (Grosse Pointe); Michigan (Lansing); Michigan (Pontiac)