NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED011179
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
STIMULUS MODES AND LANGUAGE MEDIA--A STUDY OF BILINGUALS.
MASSAD, CAROLYN EMRICK; AND OTHERS
ELEVEN ENGLISH-SPANISH BILINGUAL COLLEGE STUDENTS PARTICIPATED IN A WORD-ASSOCIATION STUDY. EACH SUBJECT WAS PRESENTED 35 STIMULI IN EACH OF FOUR CONDITIONS--PRINTED ENGLISH WORDS FOR ENGLISH RESPONSES, PICTURES FOR ENGLISH RESPONSES, PRINTED SPANISH WORDS FOR SPANISH RESPONSES, AND PICTURES FOR SPANISH RESPONSES. THE SPANISH-PRINTED WORDS WERE THE COMMON EQUIVALENT TRANSLATION OF THE ENGLISH WORDS. THE PICTURES WERE SIMPLE LINE DRAWINGS OF THE OBJECTS NAMED BY THE 35 PRINTED WORD STIMULI. EACH SUBJECT WAS RANDOMLY ASSIGNED THE ORDER OF PRESENTATION OF EACH OF THE FOUR CONDITIONS. THE RESULTS, CATEGORIZED INTO SENSE-IMPRESSION AND NON-SENSE-IMPRESSION RESPONSES, INDICATED THAT IN BOTH ENGLISH AND SPANISH THE PROPORTION OF SENSE-IMPRESSION RESPONSES DID NOT VARY SIGNIFICANTLY ACROSS THE TWO STIMULUS MODES (WORDS AND PICTURES), NOR DID THE PROPORTION OF SENSE-IMPRESSION RESPONSES VARY SIGNIFICANTLY ACROSS THE TWO LANGUAGES, WHETHER STIMULI WERE PRESENTED IN THE WORD OR PICTURE MODE. HOWEVER, A TREND SEEN IN THE DATA TENDS TO INDICATE THAT WORDS RATHER THAN PICTURES EVOKE MORE SENSORY REACTIONS AND THAT ONE LANGUAGE (SPANISH) ELICITS MORE SENSE-IMPRESSION RESPONSES THAN ANOTHER (ENGLISH). A LARGER STUDY IS NEEDED. ONE OF SEVERAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE STUDY IS THE NEED TO CAREFULLY EVALUATE AUDIOVISUAL INSTRUCTIONAL METHODS IN LANGUAGE TEACHING. TABLES OF THE STIMULUS WORDS, THE RESPONSE CATEGORIES, AND CONCLUDING DATA ARE INCLUDED WITH A LIST OF REFERENCES. THIS PAPER WAS READ AT THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE (CHICAGO, FEBRUARY 1966). (AUTHOR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Illinois (Chicago)