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ERIC Number: ED011128
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Apr-25
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE STUDY OF FACTORS INFLUENCING COLLEGE GRADING STANDARDS.
GLADNEY, MARILYN B.; HILLS, JOHN R.
THE STUDY TESTED THE HYPOTHESIS THAT COLLEGE STUDENTS WITH A SPECIFIED AVERAGE ACADEMIC APTITUDE (AAA) LEVEL RECEIVED HIGHER GRADES AS ENROLLMENT INCREASED AND ADMISSION STANDARDS WERE LOWERED TO FILL NEW DORMITORIES. AAA WAS COMPUTED FROM AN ENTERING FRESHMAN'S COMBINED SCHOLASTIC APTITUDE TEST (SAT) VERBAL AND QUANTITIVE SCORES. LOCATING COLLEGES WHICH MET THE CONDITIONS OF THE HYPOTHESIS WAS DIFFICULT. IN THE 140 COLLEGES SURVEYED, ENROLLMENT TENDED TO INCREASE AT ABOUT THE SAME RATE AS ENTERING FRESHMEN AAA--NEW DORMITORY SPACE WAS USED TO REDUCE CROWDING, TO REPLACE OBSOLETE QUARTERS, AND TO HOUSE STUDENTS OTHER THAN FRESHMEN. IN THE SIX COLLEGES USING NEW DORMITORIES FOR FRESHMEN, THE AAA INCREASED IN TWO, REMAINED THE SAME IN TWO, AND DECREASED IN TWO. THE DATA FROM THE LAST TWO COLLEGES, HOWEVER FAILED EITHER TO SUPPORT OR REJECT THE HYPOTHESIS. THE HYPOTHESIS, THEREFORE, WAS REVISED TO EXCLUDE THE HOUSING AND ENROLLMENT VARIABLES. USING THE GULLIKSEN-WILKS ANALYSIS TO TEST THE REVISED HYPOTHESIS ON THE DATA FROM FIVE COLLEGES, THE FINDINGS SUGGESTED THAT (1) GRADING STANDARDS TENDED TO BECOME MORE SEVERE AS AAA INCREASED, (2) ISOLATED AAA INCREASES MIGHT NOT HAVE RESULTED IN OBSERVABLE GRADING STANDARD CHANGES, (3) GRADING STANDARD CHANGES LAGGED BEHIND AAA CHANGES BY 1 YEAR. (JB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: University System of Georgia, Atlanta.
Identifiers: Georgia (Atlanta)