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ERIC Number: ED011051
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Feb
Pages: 47
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THREE MOTIVATIONAL METHODS (MEDIA, SUBJECT MATTER, AND COMBINATION MOTIVATIONS) IN AN ART PROGRAM IN THE ELEMENTARY GRADES.
CLEMENTS, ROBERT D.; AND OTHERS
THE MAJOR OBJECTIVE WAS TO DETERMINE THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF THREE METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO THE TEACHING OF ART IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. QUESTIONNAIRES ASKING HOW MUCH PERSONAL INVOLVEMENT, ART QUALITY, UNIQUENESS, AND PRIDE WERE GENERATED BY EACH MOTIVATIONAL TREATMENT WERE COMPLETED BY OBSERVERS AND ART TEACHERS FOR 90 LESSONS. EACH GRADE LEVEL RECEIVED FIVE SERIES OF A WIDE VARIETY OF ART MATERIALS. EACH SERIES USED ALL THREE TREATMENTS. FOR EXAMPLE, IN A JEWELRY SERIES, THE SUBJECT MOTIVATION WAS ANIMAL CLAY PINS, THE MEDIA MOTIVATION WAS PASTE JEWELRY, AND THE COMBINATION MOTIVATION WAS PLANT FORMS IN CLOISONNE. ANALYSES OF VARIANCE SHOWED SUBJECT AND COMBINATION MOTIVATIONS TO BE MORE EFFECTIVE ON THE STUDENT INVOLVEMENT CRITERIA, AND COMBINATION MOTIVATIONS TO BE MORE EFFECTIVE ON THE ART QUALITY CRITERIA. IN SIXTH GRADE, COMBINATION MOTIVATION WAS MOST EFFECTIVE, SUBJECT SECOND, AND MEDIA LEAST EFFECTIVE (THE AGE OF REALISM). IN FOURTH AND FIFTH GRADES, COMBINATION WAS BEST, MEDIA SECOND, AND SUBJECT MOTIVATION LEAST EFFECTIVE (THE AGE OF TINKERING). IN SECOND AND THIRD GRADES, SUBJECT MOTIVATION WAS MOST EFFECTIVE (AN AGE OF SYMBOLS). NO DIFFERENCE WAS FOUND AT FIRST GRADE. (TC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ball State Univ., Muncie, IN.
Identifiers: Indiana (Muncie)